The Confederation and the Cosntitution (Chapter 9 Vocab)
Key terms, people, and events from Chapter 9 of the 13th edition of the American Pageant.
Terms in this set (14)
Made up of many former soldiers who were poor and losing their farms. Helped Americans realize they needed a strong central government.
Articles of Confederation
First governing document of America. No strong central government, most power resided with states.
Written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison. Advocated the ratification of the Constitution.
Those that are in favor of a strong central government.
Those that feared the power of the federal government. They were advocates of states' rights.
Called for representation in Congress to be based on population (favored large states)
New Jersey Plan
Called for representation to be equal among states (favored small states)
Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)
Created two house legislature where representation was based on population and one where representation was equal
Separation of Power
Ideas of Montesquieu, government should be divided into different groups
Checks and Balances
Idea that three branches of government would prevent one from becoming too powerful
Used to elect president rather than direct vote. Electors would be chosen by the states; electors would cast their votes
Settled debate about slaves counting towards representation in congress. 60% of slaves would count towards population.
Slave Trade Compromise
Slave trade would continue for 20 years until 1808.
"Father of the Constitution" He favored a strong central government and separation of powers.