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What is always the first step in the hairstyling process?

The Client Consultation

The process of shaping and directing the hair into an S pattern through the use of the fingers, combs, and waving lotion.

Finger Waving.. It was all the rage in the 20's and 30's

Which finger waves are sideways and parallel around the head?

Horizontal Finger Waves

What is the stationary (non-moving) foundation of the curl?

The Base

What kind of curl is placed directly on the base of the curl?

The No-Stem Curl

Always begin a pin curl at what?

The open end

What kind of pin curls are usually recommended at the side fron hairline for a smooth, upswept effect?

Rectangular base

What kind of pin curls are recommended along the front or facial hairline to prevent breaks or splits in the finished hairstyle?

Triangular Base

Arc Base Pin Curls are also known as what?

Half Moon base curls

What kind of pin curls are suitable for curly hairstyles without much volume or lift?

Square Base

Pin Curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair are called?

Carved Curls/Sculptured curls

Pin Curls place immediately behind or below a ridge to form a wave

Ridge Curls

Skip Waves are usually where?

On the side of the head

Barrel Curls have _______ center openings and are fastened to the head in a __________ position on a ________________ base

Large, Standing, Rectangular

Cascade Curls are also known as what? and what do they do?

Stand up curls, used to create height in the hair design

Parts of a roller Curl

Base, Stem, Curl


The Piece of hair on which the roller is placed


The hair between the scalp and the first turn of the roller

The Curl

Is also known as the circle

One complete turn around the roller will create a...

C shape Curl

One and a 1/2 turns around the roller will create

A Wave

On Base

also known as FULL base, for FULL volume

Off Base

the the LEASE volume

What is the point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area?


Hot roller are to be used only on

Dry Hair

Velcro rollers need to stay in the hair for only

5-10 minutes

Also known as teasing, ratting, matting, or French Lacing, involves combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp and form a cushion or base

Back Combing

Also known as ruffing, is used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patters together for a uniform and smooth comb out



To smooth hair that is backcombed, hold the teeth of a comb or brush at a 45 degree angle pointing away from you.

Wrapping can be done on

wet or dry hair

The technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation

Blowdry Styling

The blowdryer's nozzle attachment, or _________ is a directional feature that creates a concentrated stream of air.


A Hood dryer is best used for any kind of

Wet set

Teeth that are closely space remove what to create smooth surface?

Definition from the curl

What brush is half-round, rubber based?

A classic styling brush

What brushes are generally oval, with a mixture of boar and nylon bristles?

Grooming brushes

Vent brushes are used to what?

Speed up the blowdrying process

What brush is a thin, nylon styling brush that has a tail for sectioning along with a narrow row of bristles?

A Teasing brush

Foam is also known as


Good for all hair types they offer firmer, longer hold for fine hair with the least amount of heaviness

Liquid Gels

When _______________ is applied to damp hair and blown dry, it creates a smooth, straight look

Straightening Gel

Pomade is also known as


Thermal Waving and Curling are also known as

Marcel Waving

Non Electrical Thermal Irons are favored by many stylists who cater to client with excessively curly hair because of the larger range of barrel or rod sizes and higher heat capabilities


What should you do to test a thermal iron?

clamp a piece of tissue paper or white cloth in it and hold for 5 seconds

One way to remove dirt, oils, and product residue from a thermal iron is to?

dampen a towel or rag and wipe down the barrel of the iron with a soapy solution containing a few drops of ammonia.

The best way to practice manipulative techniques with a thermal iron is to

practice rolling the iron while it is cold

Thermal Curling is for...

Straight Hair, Pressed Hair, and Wigs/Hairpieces (human hair)

What kind of hair can be styled with end curls?

Long, Medium length, or short

When done properly, _____________ temporarily straightens extremely curly or unruly hair by means of a heated iron or comb.

hair pressing

Applying the thermal pressing comb twice on each side of the hair is called

Hard press

In case of scalp skin disease, it is not the cosmetologists job to do what?

Diagnose the condition, but rather to advise the client to see a dermatologist

What kind of hair has the greatest diamete and during the pressing process it requires more heat and pressure than medium or fine hair?

Coarse Hair

A Tight scalp can be made more flexible by the systematic use of

scalp massage, and hair brushing

It may be a good idea to ________ new brass pressing comb so that it will do what?

Temper, So it will hold heat evenly along its entire length and provide consistant results

To tempe a new pressing comb...

1 heat the comb until it's very hot
2 coat the comb in petroleum or pressing oil
3 let is cool down naturally
4 rinse under hot running water to remove oil

When executing an updo always inspect the shape you are building to make sure it is,

well balanced and well proportioned

The Pleat (which means "folded" in French) is much more ____________ ___ __________ than the basic twist, and you can be more creative with the directional placement

Severe and controlled

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