World Religion week 11-12
Terms in this set (39)
What great king converted to Buddhism and helped spread it throughout India?
What does the Wheel of Becoming (Bhava-Chakra) represent?
The 12 links or stages of dependent origination.
The collection of 'birth stories', or tales of the Buddha's previous lives, are called ________ .
Which of the following is NOT one of the Four Noble Truths?
The cosmos has no beginning, middle, or end.
What were the four sights that, according to tradition, Siddartha Gautama saw that caused him to leave his home life and become and ascetic?
A sick man, and old man, a dead man, and a monk.
According to Buddhist tradition, what are the three characteristics of existence?
Suffering, impermanence, and no-self.
The sacred geometric design used in Vajrayana Buddhist practice is called a ________ .
What title, meaning 'thus-gone one', does the Buddha most often use to refer to himself?
What are the three main traditions or 'vehicles' of Buddhism?
Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana.
The term dukkha means ________ .
In the Buddhist tradition, the term 'dharma' means ________ .
Who is the pot-bellied 'Happy Buddha' in Chinese culture, derived from the bodhisattva Maitreya?
In Buddhist tradition, Mara is ________ .
the lord of illusion and death
The term anatman means ________ .
'no-self' or 'no-soul'
The Buddhist monastic community consists of ordained men and women called ________ .
bhikshus and bhikshunis
Who is traditionally believed to have brought Buddhism to Tibet?
Where was the Buddha's first sutra (discourse or sermon)?
The deer park Sarnath, near Varanasi.
The term 'buddha' literally means ________ .
'fully enlightened one'
What are the 'Three Jewels or Gems' in Buddhism?
The Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha.
What vow were Mahayana Buddhists, both lay and monastic, encouraged to take?
Modern socially active Buddhism, developed by Vietnamese Zen master Thich Nhat Hanh, is referred to as ________ .
'Mahayana' means ________ .
To what does the Buddha's parinirvana refer?
His death, and moment of final release from the cycle of rebirth.
Vajrayana is also known as ________ .
According to Buddhist tradition, a spiritual being in the form of ________ entered the body of the mother of the Buddha to become the embryo of the Buddha-to-be.
a sacred white elephant
What is the traditional place of the Buddha's enlightenment, now a major pilgrimage site?
The term 'arhat' means ________ .
'worthy one' or 'saint'
The Madhyamika ('Middle Way') school was founded by ________ .
To where, according to tradition, was Buddhism taken by the monk Mahinda in the third century?
According to most accounts, approximately when did Siddartha Gautama live?
Fifth to sixth century BCE.
Theravada Buddhists practice a simple form of meditation called ________ .
To whom did the Buddha deliver his first sutra (discourse or sermon)?
The five ascetics that were his former companions.
What is the gongan ('koan' in Japanese)?
a paradoxical thought exercise designed to defy rational understanding and propel the student toward enlightenment
According to the traditional story of the Buddha, what did brahmins predict about his future when he was an infant?
That he would become either a great political ruler or a fully enlightened being.
The term 'nirvana', in Buddhism, refers to ________ .
the state of enlightenment
The Buddha's first sutra (discourse or sermon) was on ________ .
the Middle Way
Which bodhisattva of compassion in China is named ________ . Sometimes this bodhisattva is referred to as the 'Virgin Mary of East Asia'?
According to what Mahayana school can we invoke the name of Amitabha Buddha to be reborn in his realm, and from there achieve enlightenment?
The term 'bodhisattva' means ________ .
one who has dedicated him- or herself to achieving buddhahood