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HIST 1112 Quizzes Chap 24-30
Terms in this set (97)
What transformed Japan into international imperialistic power?
The Sino-Japanese War AND The Russo-Japanese War.
Which of the following were changes made under the Meiji Restoration?
A conscript army was created with modern military technology, erasing the distinction between samurai and commoner AND Daimyo were put under control of the central government to curb their independence AND Japan was opened itself to European and American trade.
What caused the Indian Revolt of 1857?
India's Muslims and Hindus believed that British were trying to convert them to Christianity.
Which of the following is true of the Taiping Rebellion?
It was started to overthrow the Qing Dynasty AND It was started by a Chinese man who claimed to be the younger brother of Jesus Christ.
T/F? The Opium Wars were fought so that the Qing Empire could sell opium in the British Empire.
T/F? The British Empire divided created a new Muslim province of Bengal without consulting any Indians.
What was a result of the creation of the Confederation of Canada?
The Confederation created a framework for western expansion, and Canada's interior was quickly settled AND The Canadian Pacific Railway was built.
Which countries were involved in the 1879 War of the Pacific?
Bolivia, Peru, and Chile.
T/F? Reconstruction policies following the American Civil War led to an increase in vigilante violence and segregationist policies against black Americans.
In what country did the Indian Removal Act happen?
United States of America.
In what country did the Yucatan Rebellion happen?
In what country did the Metis Rebellion happen?
T/F? As dictator, Porfirio Diaz respected human civil liberties and the progressive ideals of La Reforma.
T/F? The Union of South Africa was founded by African nations to resist European Imperialism.
King Leopold II of Belgium controlled which territory?
Congo Free State.
Which of the following led jihads against European colonialism?
Samara Toure AND Muhammad Ahmad.
What happened at the Berlin Conference?
European states divided Africa amongst themselves.
How did the Second Industrial Revolution differ from the original Industrial Revolution?
The Second Industrial Revolution is defined by the rapid development of steel and petroleum AND The Second Industrial Revolution relied on access to oil and rubber from international colonies.
The Federation of Indochina was founded by _______.
What was the Mandate System?
System by which former Ottoman provinces and German colonies were redistributed, based on the idea that these colonies were not ready for national self-determination.
T/F? The Weimar Republic was created after Germany's defeat in World War II.
What was the May Fourth Movement?
A student-led protest in Beijing's Tiananmen Square against the failure of the Versailles treaty to end Japanese occupation of Chinese territory.
T/F? The Balfour Declaration committed the British government to preventing the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine?
Which of the following happened at the Paris Peace Conference?
Germany's former colonies were put under the leadership of victorious countries AND France demanded heavy and strict reparations which economically crippled the Weimar Republic.
Who lead a revolutionary movement?
Emiliano Zapata AND Sun Yat-sen.
Which of the following are characteristics of fascism?
Based on extreme nationalism AND the growth and prosperity of the state trumped individual's rights.
Which of the following was a fascist state?
Mussolini's Italy AND Franco's Spain.
Stalin did which of the following?
Secretly arrested and executed former colleagues of Vladimir Lenin to eliminate all competition AND Did away with private farm ownership and relocated peasants into barracks on collective farms.
T/F? The Muslim League desired a separate, Muslim state because they feared they would be oppressed by the Hindu majority of Gandhi's Indian National Congress.
T/F? The 1919 Amritsar Massacre was the British-ordered shooting of unarmed civilians at a religious ceremony because public meetings had been banned.
Which of the following was a reason the Great Depression spread from the United States to the rest of the world?
The international debt structure created after World War I left other countries vulnerable to the whims of the American economy.
T/F? Ho Chi Minh asked President Harry Truman to support Vietnamese independence from France but never received a response.
What caused the Cuban Missile Crisis?
The botched attempt by the United States' Central Intelligence Agency to invade Cuba's Bay of Pigs.
What was Prague Spring?
An attempted political reform within the Czechoslovakian communist government that ended in a Soviet invasion.
Which of the following were campaigns of Chairman Mao Zedong?
Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, AND The Great Leap Forward, AND Hundred Flowers Campaign.
Who were the Red Guards?
Chinese students that Chairman Mao Zedong called upon to start a revolution against all authority figures except himself.
T/F? Detente was a cooling of Cold War tensions.
Where did the King's African Rifles fight?
In Burma against Japanese incursions into India.
The United Nations was created to
Guarantee international peace and security through permanent diplomacy after World War II.
The atomic bomb was first dropped
What was created at the Bretton Woods Conference?
Which of the following are examples of containment strategy?
Truman Doctrine, and Marshall Plan.
Which of the following were Axis powers during World War II?
T/F? The Catholic Church put Galileo Galilei on trial for contradicting Aristotle's law of motion
What accurately describes the bourgeoisie?
Members of the bourgeoisie tended to be merchants AND They based their social and economic power on property ownership.
T/F? The Kongo Kingdom converted to Christianity and allied with Portugal
Which of the following was a contention Martin Luther had with the Catholic Church?
He disagreed with the practice of selling forgiveness, known as indulgences.
Who were the janissaries?
Ottoman slave soldiers recruited from conquered Christian lands.
T/F? The Shi'ite Safavid Dynasty allowed Sunnis and Zoroastrians to continue practicing after it conquered modern day Iran.
Which of the following describes mercantilism?
Governments granted monopolistic charters AND It put national economic interests at the forefront of foreign policy.
What was the cause of the Thirty Years' War?
Unrest between Catholic and Lutheran rulers in Habsburg domains.
Which of the following ideas did John Calvin propagate?
Preordained salvation and damnation AND The absolute power and sovereignty of God.
Oliver Cromwell's Puritan English Commonwealth supported:
The purging of Catholic influences, like its emphasis on saints and iconography.
How did the French fur trade negatively affect the Huron?
A significant number of Huron converted to Catholicism with the belief that it would prevent smallpox infestation AND Loss of land to settlers attracted by the fur trade AND Smallpox decimated populations AND Matrilineal power structures were undermined by the new, money based economy.
Name a maroon community?
What accurately describes slavery on a sugar plantation?
Low class Europeans were hired as slave overseers AND Slave imports could not keep up with slave deaths.
What was a consequence of the Seven Years' War?
Dominant international power shifted from France to Great Britain.
What are the examples of of syncretism?
Virgin of Guadalupe AND Kimpa Vita
What contributed to the Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade?
Christian movements like Methodism arguing that slavery contradicted Christian beliefs AND Adam Smith hypothesizing that slavery undermined the free market AND Boycotts on the purchase of plantation-grown sugar.
What happened at the Battle of Plassey?
The British Easy India Company seized Bengal and plundered the treasury.
T/F? The Russian Empire hired Cossack mercenaries to expand its borders eastward.
What is important about the Treaty of Nerchinsk?
Russia and China began a policy of conflict avoidance.
How did the Qing Dynasty maintain their Manchu culture?
Forbidding intermarriage between Manchurian and Chinese people AND Speaking Manchu in elite circles.
For which reason did the Emperor Qianlong rebuke Lord Macartney on his diplomatic mission?
Emperor Qianlong saw China as the center of the civilized world, and the British did not appear before him with tribute properly recognizing this position.
T/F? The Seclusion Edicts banned all trade with Europeans.
Which of the following are examples of the Columbian exchange?
Potatoes were planted in the Eastern hemisphere and contributed to population growth AND Influx of silver from the Americas oversaturated the Ming Dynasty's silver-based economy and led to devaluation of currency.
What boundaries did the Treaty of Tordesillas settle?
The dividing longitude for Spanish and Portuguese colonization rights.
What is Henry the Navigator known for?
Developing the European market for African slaves in the name of spreading Christianity to heathens.
T/F? The humanist revival is also known as the Renaissance?
What inspired the Aztec Empire to engage in continuous warfare with neighboring tribes?
The believed their sun god demanded blood sacrifices, and needed people to sustain this demand.
How did Incans determine the succession of a ruler?
The deceased ruler's make kin engaged in all-out warfare until a single victor emerged.
Joint-stock companies were formed to...
Create government-chartered trade markets in foreign lands AND Spread the risk and reward of trading ventures between multiple investors.
What was a problem the Mughal Empire contended with?
Governing a largely Hindu population as Muslim rulers.
T/F? Laissez faire philosophy encourages government regulation and interference in the economy.
What was the purpose of the African Association?
To discover and chart the source of the Niger River.
What made longitude difficult to measure?
Measuring tools that working on land did not work on boats AND Lack of accurate measuring tools.
What was Locke known for?
Asserting that political order derives from an agreed social contract to maintain basic rights and safety.
What was Descartes known for?
Promoting the idea that truth is gained through deductive reasoning, logic, and systematic doubt,
What was Linnaeus known for?
Creation of the modern system of classifying species.
What was Bacon known for?
Promoting the idea that truth is gained through inductive reasoning based on experimentation and observation.
What was Wollenstonecraft known for?
Advocating that women could attain equality through full access to education, citizenship, and financial autonomy?
Who is an example of an enlightened despot?
Frederick the Great of Prussia.
What was a central question addressed in the Constitution of the United States?
How to balance a strong federal government and individual liberty.
What happened at the Congress of Vienna?
European aristocrats reinstated their power after the defeat of Napoleon.
What did Toussaint L'Ouverture lead?
What did Maximilien Robespierre lead?
What did Simon Bolivar lead?
What did Miguel de Hidalgo y Costilla lead?
What did Napoleon Bonaparte lead?
Which of the following writers heavily influenced the United States' Declaration of Independence?
What are defining priorities of nationalism?
Ethnicity AND Linguistic heritage.
What happened at the Frankfurt Assembly?
German states gathered to write a constitution and ask the Prussian King to rule a unified Germany.
What is the significance of the Crimean War?
It revealed the necessity of industrial development for success in war AND European countries began to involve themselves in each others' wars to maintain balance of power throughout the continent
What were the Tanzimat reforms?
Attempt by Ottoman bureaucrats to break the power of the elite janissary corps.
Which of the following is true of the Industrial Revolution?
Global population doubled from 1750 - 1900 AND Biggest boost in human development since the emergence of agriculture AND Manufacturing power shifted from Asia to Europe.
T/F? Charles Darwin proposed the social theory that some humans are naturally superior and others naturally
Which of the following describes socialism?
It emphasized the need for equity of social classes AND It promoted the collectivization of property.
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