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Terms in this set (26)
What normally accompanies, Normally associated with
Example: Walking faster gets her there quicker
Theory Of Mind
Enhanced symbolic (representational) capability enables prediction of behaviors of others based on understanding of beliefs of the other
Awareness and understand of one's own thought processes
As long as classification sorting tasks does not require attention to more than one thing at a time
Preschool Cognition Limitations (4)
- Lack of knowledge of the world and how it works
- Inability to decenter: focus on more than one thing at a time
- Inability to reason logically
-Lack understanding of the essences of things
Pre Operational Stage
Below Age of Reason
Not being able to think in a rational and logical fashion (Belief in Santa Clause)
Incapacity to perform mental operations
- Same amount of water in tall narrow glass vs wide, short glass
Limited ability to focus on more than one aspect of dimension of a problem at a time
False Belief Task
Problem that requires accurate prediction of how another person will behave if that other person has incorrect information.
ability to distinguish between an objects present appearance and its actual qualities (Jesus is in the Eucharist), preschoolers have difficulty doing this
Preschoolers are Egocentric, in that the preschool child is largely incapable of putting his self in the shoes of another, to be able to understand another person's perspective of the world.
Belief that nonliving objects are alive and/or conscious
Result of inability to appreciate the concept of the nature or essence
Most learning occurs during social interactions (not uncommonly in an ACTIVITY SETTING in which others are participating)
Shared focus of attention and a common goal with learning occurring incidentally as a result of participation.
(Two siblings working in a garden together)
Not a classic classroom setting.
Neostructuralist (neo-Piagetian) theories
Theories of cognitive development based on the general notion of stage like development, but focus on more precise areas of thinking and mechanisms of development than Piaget's original theory.
Smallest meaningful unit of language, including words, prefixes,suffixes, and verb-tense modifiers
"ing" to express present progressive tense.
"ed" to express past tense.
Syntactic rules that allow speakers to generate new sentences almost infinitely by applying them to new morphemes.
One word utterances that are attempts to communicate more than what is contained in the one word.
Two word sentences that ignore Syntax
"Baby cry, eat cookie"
Meaning of the Duo is discernible only by observing the context in which the utterance is made as it lacks clarity
"Mommy Sandwich" could have 3 different meanings
Earliest sentences of a child may be employed in their construction but less informative words are omitted.
(a, an, the)
Utterances in which a child uses a regular but wrong grammatical form instead of an irregular but correct form.
"I runned to the store"
Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
Natural process of language acquisition. Exposure to language is necessary for the LAD to become operational.
simplified language used when interacting with an infant
Rephrasing or restating an utterance expressed by a preschool child in a more mature, correct way.
"Mommy i runned there"
"No, you ran there"
Monologues preschoolers have with themselves to guide their thinking. Initially these monologues are conducted aloud, but gradually, by the late preschool years they are internalized.
Emergent Literacy (Vygotsky)
A way of introducing reading and writing by situating it in everyday experiences.
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