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14 terms

Nursing Assistant Chapter 2

Chapter 2 of Nursing Assisting: A Foundation In Caregiving for Course at Wake Tech
STUDY
PLAY
Criminal VS Civil Law
Criminal: affect crimes against society

Civil: affect relationships b/w persons
OBRA
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
Improve quality of life of nursing home residents
Require NAI Registry and listing to work
Wrote Residents Bill of Rights
Min 75 hr training course
Pass written and skills competency exam
Residents' Rights
Protected by Constitution
Respect, live in dignity, live free of fear
Refuse treatment and see listing of diagnosis/treatment
Privacy of body, record, care and personal affairs
Examine bill and explanation of charges
Informed of facility rules and regulations
Personal Items protected
Resident Council
Gives resident a voice in facility operations
Can be residents, facility staff, representatives
Make recommendations for policies, activities, concerns, and resolving grievances
Misappropriation of Property
Deliberate misplacement, exploitation, or wrongful, temporary or permanent use of belonging or money without consent.
Abuse Types
Physical
Psychological
Verbal
Sexual
Financial
Mental
Involuntary Seclusion
Assault VS Battery
Assault: threat to touch someone without consent

Battery: actual unlawful touching without consent
Fraud
Intentional deception or misrepresentation
Defamation
False statements that cause a resident to be ridiculed or cause damage to their reputation (Ex: Spoken Slander or Written Libel)
Signs of Abuse
Fractures
Bruises
Fearfulness
Withdrawn
Lacking Personal Hygiene
Recent Weight Loss
Anxious to please
Medications mistaken/not taken
Frequent ER visits / Doctor Hopping
HIPAA
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Sets standards for protecting the privacy of patients' health information.
PHI
Protected Health Information: info used to ID a person
Name, Address, SSN, and Email
Advance Directives
Legal documents that allow people to decide what medical care they wish to have if unable to make the decisions themselves.
Ex: Power of Attorney, Living Will, DNR
Ombudsman
person assigned by law as legal advocate for residents