53 terms

Human Biology Chapter 1

The scientific study of life is called:

A. biology

B. ecology

C. anatomy

D. biochemistry

E. limnology
A complex individual that consists of organ systems is known as a/an

A. community.

B. population.

C. organism.

D. tissue.

E. species.
All of the ecosystems on the planet together are called the

A. atmosphere.

B. hydrosphere.

C. biosphere.

D. lithosphere.

E. stratosphere.
In a swamp, all of the alligators would represent a/an

A. organism.

B. population.

C. community.

D. ecosystem.

E. biosphere.
True or False: Organisms are composed of multiple cells.
The region in which populations interact with each other and with the physical environment is called

A. an entity.

B. an ecosystem.

C. a biosystem.

D. a community.

E. a biosphere.
All of the changes that occur from the time an egg is fertilized through childhood, adolescence and adulthood are called

A. metabolism.

B. evolution.

C. homeostasis.

D. reproduction.

E. development.
Which of the following statements most correctly defines homeostasis?

A. All living organisms are alike.

B. Living organisms do not change much over time.

C. Human beings and other animals acquire materials and energy when they eat food.

D. It takes energy to maintain the organization of the cell.

E. Cells and organisms must be able to maintain a fairly constant internal environment.
Viruses are not considered alive. Which of the following characteristics of living things do they lack?

A. Living things reproduce.

B. Living things have an evolutionary history.

C. Living things grow and develop.
Four million years ago, horses were rather small compared to today's horses and had relatively stocky bodies with a straight shoulder and thick neck. This statement is an example of which biological concept?

A. metabolism

B. evolution

C. development

D. homeostasis

E. reproduction
Which of the following is not a basic characteristic of all living things?

A. Living things are organized.

B. Living things acquire materials and energy.

C. Living things contain a nucleus and organelles.

D. Living things reproduce.

E. Living things grow and develop.
The face of a sunflower turns to follow the sun as it moves across the sky. This is an example of

A. metabolism.

B. homeostasis.

C. response to stimuli.

D. development.

E. reproduction.
Choose the CORRECT order (1-5) of increasing complexity/organization.

A. (1) tissues, (2) organ systems, (3) cells, (4) organs, (5) organism

B. (1) cells, (2) organ systems, (3) tissues, (4) organs, (5) organism

C. (1) tissues, (2) organs, (3) organ systems, (4) cells, (5) organism

D. (1) cells, (2) tissues, (3) organs, (4) organ systems, (5) organism

E. (1) organism, (2) organ systems, (3) organs, (4) tissues, (5) cells
The process of change that produces the diversity of life on Earth is called

A. evolution.

B. homeostasis.

C. levels of organization.

D. biological classification.

E. molecular diversification.
The development of resistance of MRSA bacteria to antibiotics is an example of

A. homeostasis.

B. metabolism.

C. evolution.

D. reproduction.

E. organization.
Fish have scales that enable them to live in a water environment. This is an example of

A. homeostasis.

B. adaptation.

C. metabolism.

D. development.

E. cellular organization.
The Domain Eukarya contain(s) ______ kingdom(s).

A. one

B. two

C. three

D. four

E. five
Traditions, beliefs, and values are considered what aspect of human life?

A. communicative

B. cultural

C. instructional

D. biological

E. chemical
The cell you are examining under the microscope appears to contain a nucleus. This organism belongs to the domain

A. Bacteria.

B. Archaea.

C. Eukarya.
Which organisms are most closely related to humans?

A. spiders

B. earthworms

C. parakeets

D. meerkats

E. snakes
A species has been discovered that is able to live in boiling hot springs. This organism most likely belongs to the domain

A. Archaea.

B. Bacteria.

C. Eukarya.
True or False: Humans evolved from apes.
True or False: Only humans have a language that allows us to communicate information and experiences symbolically.
Humans clear forests to grow crops, and they build houses and cities. What are these an example of?

A. how humans modify the biosphere

B. how humans preserve ecosystems

C. the high value humans place on biodiversity

D. the positive impact of humans on life on Earth

E. how humans do not need the rest of life on Earth
True or False: Humans are part of the biosphere and must live in harmony with it if we are to survive as a species.
True or False: Humans have identified and named almost all of the almost 15 million species on Earth.
________ observations are supported by factual information while _______ observations involve personal judgment.

A. Subjective/analytical

B. Objective/analytical

C. Objective/subjective

D. Objective/hypothetical

E. Subjective/theoretical
Which of the following statements is an objective observation?

A. This milk tastes funny.

B. This package is larger than that one.

C. I like this picture.

D. This mattress feels hard to me.

E. I think I am going to be sick.
What is the unifying principle of the biological sciences?

A. Technology

B. Anatomy

C. Biochemistry

D. Taxonomy

E. Evolution
The tentative explanation to be tested is called

A. a theory.

B. a hunch.

C. a hypothesis.

D. the data.

E. the conclusion.
The information collected during the experiment or observation is called

A. a theory.

B. a hunch.

C. the hypothesis.

D. the data.

E. the conclusion.
Which of the following is not a basic theory of biology?

A. Theory of ecosystems

B. Cell theory

C. Gene theory

D. Theory of evolution

E. Theory of gravity
The cause of stomach ulcers appears to be

A. excess stomach acid.

B. the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

C. drinking too much coffee.

D. extreme stress.

E. diets rich in meat products.
Which of the following statements is a hypothesis?

A. If students buy the university meal plan, then they will eat more vegetables.

B. Ginny gained 5 lbs her freshman year.

C. Blake failed the test.

D. There are more calories in french fries than in colas.

E. I like my biology class better than my other classes.
A controlled study when neither the patient nor the examiner is aware of whether the patient is receiving a treatment, is called a/an

A. statistical study.

B. double-blind study.

C. variable study.

D. adaptive study.

E. blind study.
In an experiment designed to test the effect of temperature on goldfish respiration, the temperatures that were changed represent what type of variable?

A. control

B. responding

C. experimental

D. correlative

E. placebo
The purpose of informed consent is

A. to determine whether a patient is acceptable for a particular study.

B. to ensure that the doctor does not know which patient is receiving the treatment.

C. to decide whether a patient goes into the test group or the control group.

D. to ensure the patient knows the risks and is volunteering.

E. to determine whether the treatment works.
True or False: If the control group in an experiment shows the same results as the test group, the treatment was successful.
True or False: To make all subjects think they are receiving the same treatment, patients in the control group can receive a placebo.
One of the difficulties with publication of research in scientific journals is that it

A. is technical and may be difficult for a layperson to read.

B. is often out of context or misunderstood.

C. is unverified and usually not referenced.

D. displays bias.

E. is designed to convince readers to purchase a product.
Which of the following URLs would you perhaps distrust in writing a scientific paper?

A. .com

B. .gov

C. .edu

D. .org
True or False: An important part of scientific research is repeatability.
The standard error tells

A. how often the examiner made an error.

B. how often the experimental variable was tested.

C. the relationship between the control and test groups.

D. whether or not the research has been published in a scientific journal.

E. how uncertain a particular value is.
True or False: A probability value of less than 5% in a scientific study is acceptable
Which of the following is an example of correlation without causation?

A. HPV can cause cervical cancer.

B. Illegal drug use causes an increase in crime.

C. Helicobacter pylori can cause ulcers.

D. People who commit crimes also consume bread.

E. Parents have children.
In a graph, the experimental variable is plotted on the

A. x axis.

B. y axis.
Yes or No: Jessica is interested in a new vitamin pill her friend recommended. Her friend told her that it really helped her. Should Jessica accept this type of evidence?
Choose the following interest group that should be held most responsible for the future roles of new scientific technologies.

A. Scientists

B. Politicians

C. Clergy

D. Professionals

E. Everyone
In conducting a review of the literature on the Internet, which of the following sources would be the least reliable?

A. The Centers of Disease Control

B. The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

C. The National Institute of Health

D. The Pasteur Institute

E. Astrology and Medicine
After studying biology, it is hoped that you

A. will become an animal rights activist.

B. will be better able to make wise decisions regarding your own well being and the Earth's.

C. will get a high paying job as a biologist.

D. will understand all there is to know about humans and biology.

E. will dislike anything to do with biology.
True or False: Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to the interests of humans.
Scientists who have a financial stake in a company are now required to state that when they do research. This is an example of

A. ethics in science.

B. financial planning.

C. a new business model.

D. a biotechnology revolution.

E. statistical significance.
Which of the following statements explains the atomic bomb and the benefit of nuclear physics to cancer therapy?

A. Science and technology are not risk free.

B. Science and technology are wrong.

C. Science and technology are good for mankind.

D. Science and technology are value-neutral.