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Chapter 1 Section 1 Government and the State
Terms in this set (13)
the insitution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies; is made up of those people who exercise its powers, those who have authority and control over people
of a government are in short, all of these things in a government decides to do, cover matters ranging from taxation, defense, education, crime, and health care to transportation, the environment, civil rights, and working conditions
the power to make law and to frame public policies
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning and to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles structures, and process of a government
the ultimate responsibility for the exercise of these powers may be held by a single person or by a small group
the responsibility for the exercise of these powers rests with a majority of the people
a body of people living in a defined territory, organized politically and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies; is neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority
What are the four characteristics of a state?
Population, territory, sovereignty, and government
What are the six purposes of the American system of government?
Form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty
What are the four theories of the origins of a state?
Force Theory, Evolutionary Theory, Divine Right Theory, Social Contract Theory
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