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40 terms

Respiratory System

Medical Terminology
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Ablation
Removal or destruction by cutting, chemicals, or electrocautery
Intramural
Within the organ wall
Auscultation
Listening to sounds, such as to lung sounds
Glottis
True vocal cords; the vocal apparatus of the larynx
Epiglottidectomy
Excision of the covering of the larynx
Bronchiole
Smaller division of brochial tree
Cordectomy
Surgical removal of vocal cords
Crackle
Abnormal sounds when breathing (heard on auscultation)
Laryngoscope
Fiberoptic scope used to view inside of larynx
Laryngoscopy
Direct visulization and examination of interior of larynx with a laryngoscope
Cyanosis
Bluish discoloration
Lobectomy
Surgical excision of a lobe of lung
Croup
Acute viral infection (obstruction of larynx), stridor
Bilobectomy
Surgical removal of two lobes of lung
Nasal button
Synthetic circular disc used to cover a hole in the nasal septum
Pulmonary edema
Accumulation of fluid in pulmonary tissues and air spaces
Lavage
Washing out
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath; difficult breathing
Orthropnea
Difficulty in breathing, relieved by assuming upright position
Epitaxis
Nose bleed
Percussion
tapping a part of the body for diagnostic purposes
Hemoptysis
Bloody sputum
Pleura
The thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest
Laryngeal web
Congenital abnormality of connective tissue between the vocal cords
Pertussis
Whooping cough - highly contagious bacterial infection of pharynx, larynx, and trachea
Emphysema
Air accumulated in an organ or tissue
Pulmonary embolism
Thrombus or other foregin material lodged in pulmonary artery or one of its branches
Total pneumonectomy
Surgical removal of an entire lung
Rales
An abnormal respiratory sound heard in auscultation, indicating some pathologic condition
Rhinorrhea
Free discharge of a thin nasal mucus
Segmentectomy
Surgical removal of the smaller subdivision of lobes of a lung
Tracheotomy
Incision into the trachea
Spirometry
Measuring breathing capacity
Tuberculosis
Infection of the lungs caused by bacteria (turbercle bacillus) AKA TB
Thoracoscopy
Use of a lighted endoscope to view pleural spaces and thoracic cavity or to perform surgical procedures
Transtracheal
Across trachea
Sarcoidosis
Chronic inflammatory disease with nodules developing in lungs, lymph nodes, other organs
Tracheostomy
Creation of an opening into the trachea
Tachypnea
Quick, shallow breathing
Tracheotomy
Incision into the trachea