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67 terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 2 2012

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cause (of disease)
eti/o
smooth
lei/o
physician, medicine (also means treatment)
iatr/o
flesh, connective tissue
sarc/o
internal organs
viscer/o
below, incomplete, deficient
hypo-
after, beyond, change
meta-
new
neo-
before
pro-
pertaining to
-al, -ic, -ous
cell
-cyte
substance or agent that produces or causes
-gen
producing, originating, causing
-genic
painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
dys-
through, complete
dia-
above, excessive
hyper-
red
erythr/o
black
melan/o
white
leuk/o
blue
cyan/o
yellow
xanth/o
color
chrom/o
green
chlor/o
cell
cyt/o
epithelium
epitheli/o
tissue
hist/o
nucleus
kary/o
fat
lip/o
muscle
my/o
nerve
neur/o
organ
organ/o
system
system/o
knowledge
gno/o
gland
aden/o
fiber
fibr/o
tumor, mass
onc/o
cancer
cancer/o, carcin/o
rod-shaped, striated
rhabd/o
disease
path/o
body
somat/o
malignant tumor
-sarcoma
state of
-sis
study of
-logy
disease
-pathy
one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
-logist
growth, substance, formation
-plasm
tumor, swelling
-oma
resembling
-oid
condition of formation, development, growth
plasia
abnormal condition
-osis
control, stop, standing
-stasis
group of organs functioning together
system
chest cavity
thoracic cavity
composed of two or more tissues
organ
space inside the skull
cranial cavity
contains the stomach
abdominal cavity
contains the urinary bladder
pelvic cavity
type of connective tissue
bone
regions within the chromosome
genes
covers external body surface, lines body cavities and organs
epithelial tissue
gel like fluid inside the cell
cytoplasm
contains chromosomes
nucleus
coordinates body activities
nerve tissue
usually produces movement
muscle tissue
contain genes
chromosomes
a genetic material that regulates the activities of the cell
DNA
basic unit of all living things
cell