Human Behavior Chapter 14
Terms in this set (21)
Charity organization society (COS) movement:
A social movement, brought to the United States from England in the late 1800s that emphasized the delivery of services through private charity organizations.
People attracted to a social movement because it appears just and worthy, not because they will benefit personally.
A social movement that arises to oppose a successful social movement.
A conscious effort by a group of people to develop shared understandings of the world and themselves.
Cultural framing (CF) perspective elites:
An approach to social movements asserting that they can be successful only when participants develop shared understandings of some situation that impels participants to feel aggrieved or outraged, motivating them to action.
competition among factions of a social movement to control the definition of the problem, goals, and strategies for the movement.
Existing informal networks and formal organizations that serve as the collective building blocks for social movements.
Mobilizing structures (MS) perspective:
An approach to social movements that suggests that they develop out of existing networks and formal organizations.
A social movement theory in the mobilizing structures perspective that focuses on the role of grassroots settings in the development and maintenance of social movements.
Political opportunities (PO) perspective:
An approach to social movements that suggests they develop when windows of political opportunity are open.
Proactive social movement:
A social movement with the goal of changing traditional social arrangements.
Professional social movement organizations:
Organizations staffed by leaders and activists who make a career out of reform causes.
Reactive social movements:
A social movement with the goal of defending traditional values and social arrangements.
Resource mobilization theory:
A social movement theory in the mobilizing structures perspective that focuses on the role of formal organizations in the development and maintenance of social movements.
Settlement house movement:
A social movement, brought to the United States from England in the late 1800s, that turned attention to the environmental hazards of industrialization and focused on research, service, and social reform.
Social movement organizations (SMOs):
Formal organizations through which social movement activities are coordinated.
Social movement service organizations (SMSOs):
A type of social agency that has the explicit goal of social change and accomplishes this goal through the delivery of services.
Large-scale collective actions to make change, or resist change, in specific social institutions.
Efforts to create more just social institutions.
An approach to social movements that sees them as developing in response to some form of societal strain.
Transnational social movement organizations (TSMOs):
Social movement organizations that operate in more than one nation-state.