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The language of medicine chapter 22 therapy

STUDY
PLAY
amphetamines
CNS stimulants that may be used to treat depression and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
atypical antipsychotics
drugs that treat psychotic symptoms and behavior (schizophrenia, bipolar disease, and other mental illness)
benzodiazepines
drugs that lessen anxiety, tension, agitation, and panic attacks
cognitive behavioral therapy
conditioning (changing behavior patterns by training and repetition) is used to relieve anxiety and improve symptoms of illness
electroconvulsive therapy
electric current is used to produce changes in brain wave patterns with resulting convulsions and loss of consciousness; effective in the treatment of major depression. Modern techniques use anesthesia, so the convulsion is not observable
family therapy
treatment of an entire family to resolve and shed light on conflicts
free association
psychoanalytic technique in which the patient verbalizes, without censorship, the passing contents of his or her mind
group therapy
group of patients with similar problems gain insight into their personalities through discussion and interaction with each other
hypnosis
trance (state of altered consciousness is used to increase the pace of psychotherapy
insight-oriented therapy
face-to-face discussion of life problems and associated feelings
lithium
any drug that favorably modifies psychotic symptoms. Examples are atypical antipsychotics
phenothiazines
antipsychotic drugs
play therapy
treatment in which a child, through use of toys in a playroom setting, expresses conflicts and feelings unable to be communicated in a direct manner
psychoanalysis
treatment that allows the patient to explore inner emotions and conflicts so as to understand and change current behavior
psychodrama
group therapy in which a patient expresses feeling by acting out family and social roles with other patients
psychopharmacology
treatment of psychiatric disorder with drugs
sedatives
drugs that lessen anxiety
supportive psychotherapy
offering encouragement, support, and hope to patients facing difficult life transitions and events
transference
psychoanalytic process in which the patient relates to the therapist as though the therapist were a prominent childhood figure
tricyclic antidepressants
drugs used to treat severe depression; three-ringed fused structure
anxi/o
uneasy, anxious, distressed
aut/o
self
hallucin/o
hallucination, to wander in the mind
hypn/o
sleep
iatr/o
treatment
ment/o
mind
neur/o
nerve
phil/o
attraction to, love
phren/o
mind
psych/o
mind
schiz/o
split
somat/o
body
-genic
produced by
-leptic
to seize hold of
-mania
obsessive preoccupation
-phobia
fear
-phoria
feeling, bearing
-thymia
mind
AD
alzheimer disease
ADHD
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADL
activities of daily living
AIMS
abnormal involuntary movement scale
ASD
autism spectrum disorder
CA
chornologic age
CBT
cognitive behavior therapy
DSM-IV-TR
Diagnostic and STatistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, revised
DT
delirium tremens
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
IQ
intelligence quotient
LSD
lysergic acid diethylamide (hhallucinogen)
MA
mental age
MAO
monoamine oxidase
MDD
major depressive disorder
MMPI
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MR
mental retardation
PDD
pervasive developmental disorder
PTSD
post-traumatic stress disorder
Rx
therapy
SAD
seasonal affective disorder
SSRI
selective seratonin reuptake inhibitor (fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline)
TAT
thematic apperception test
TD
tardive dyskinesia
THC
delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
WAIS
Wechsler adult intelligence scale
WISC
wechsler Intelligence scale for children
(psi)
symbol for psych-