REL1300 Final Week 13 Jain and Sikh
Terms in this set (73)
The ritual of sallekhana involves ______________
Fasting unto death
What do Jainas commemorate in the festival of Divali (Deepavali) ?
The liberation (moksha) of Mahavira
To what does nam refer, on which Sikhs mediate to achieve spiritual liberation?
The divine name
What ultimately separates us from God and keeps us trapped in the cycle of rebirth, according to Sikh tradition?
Through what means did Guru Nanak primarily convey the message of liberation?
When, according to Sikh tradition, did Nanak have his foundational mystical experience?
While bathing in the Vein River
The main purpose of Jaina practice is to ______
purify the soul by impeding the accumulation of new karma and burning off old karma
The Jaina canon is known as the ______
How many volunteers initially responded to Guru Gobing Singh's call, forming the nucleus of the newly formed Khalsa?
The term jiva refers to the ______
Eternal soul that each life possesses for
Which Guru founded Amrtisar, now the most important Sikh city?
What would best describe the perfected being in Jaina tradition?
Entirely detached from worldly concerns.
What does the term "Jina" mean?
'victor' or 'conqueror'
According to Jaina teaching, when was the cosmos created?
It has no point of origin, but is timeless
Jainism arrived on the historical scene as part of the same shramana movement that gave rise to what other religion?
Who shares in the langar or communal meal after a Sikh service?
All who are present, Sikh and non-Sikh
Who do Jainas revere as the 23rd (second most recent) Jina, dating roughly to the ninth century BCE?
The most recent of the Jinas in this time cycle, sometimes considered the 'founder' of present Jainsim is known as __________
The word Sikh means _______
The term 'Svetambara' literally means _________
As part of Sikh services, what does hearing/receiving the Guru's Vak (Saying) involve?
Opening the Adi Granth at random and reading the first hymn on the left-hand page
What is symbolized in Sikhism by the two swords, first donned by Guru Hargobind?
The temporal (miri) and spiritual (piri) authority of the Gurus
What is the langar?
The communal meal open to all castes, prepared as a community service
What 'Seed Formula', the first words of the Adi Granth, constitute a fundamental statement of Sikh beliefs?
The Mul Mantra
In what region of India did Sikhism emerge?
How many human Gurus are there in Sikh lineage?
What are five mahavrates ('great vows') taken by all Jaina ascetics?
Non-harm, truthfulness, non-stealing, celibacy, non-attachment
What has been the central contemporary issue for Jainas in India?
Defining Jaina identity as distinct from Hinduism, and Jainism as a world religion
According to Jaina cosmology, the entire universe is made up of what two broad categories of substances?
Jiva and ajiva
Which Guru instituted significant reforms leading to greater equality and acceptance of women within Sikhism?
Khalsa initiates, male and female, were given the surnames ________
Singh and kaur
The 'small (or lesser) vows' that govern Jaina lay life are called the ______
What script, refined by Guru Angad, is the principal form of Sikh written language?
Jinas, the highest expressions of the Jaina ideal, are also known as _________
What, according to Sikh tradition, did Nanak receive from God during his mystical experience?
A cup of divine nectar (amrit)
According to the Jaina tradition, the path to happiness, truth, and self realization is the path of __________
What is the term for 'divine order' (or divine will/command) central to Sikhism?
What, according to Sikh tradition, did Guru Nanak famously proclaim after his mystical experience?
"There is no hindu, there is no muslim"
What is the highest possible value for Jainas?
Which of the following is NOT one of the 'Five Ks' (panj kakke), obligatory worn by Khalsa members?
What are the 'Three Jewels' of Jaina tradition?
correct practice, correct intuition, correct knowledge
Which of the following is NOT an obligation on Jaina ascetics, in addition to the five mahavratas?
Eating only what they kill themselves.
The Sikh place of worship is known as the ________ .
What does 'Mahavira' literally mean?
During what times do devout Sikhs pray?
early morning, evening and bedtime
The two types of karmic particles, auspicious and inauspicious, are respectively called __________
punya and paap
Why did the Digambara sect hold that women are ineligible for full membership in the community?
It's impossible for them to go naked because of social standards
Every gurdwara has a 'reader' and custodian of the Adi Granth, known as ______
According to Jaina tradition, Jaina teachings are only accessible to what form(s) of life?
What are the Five Auspicious Events (Panch Kalyanaka), to which almost all Jaina cultural expressions are tied?
conception, birth, reunication, omniscience, and moksha in the lives of the Jinas
According to Jaina teaching, acts of harm, even unintentional, result in _______
What was unusual of different about the nineteenth Jina (Mallinath), according to Svetamabara tradition?
She was female
What does Baisakhi Day commemorate in the Sikh tradition?
The foundation of the Khalsa.
Which Guru was the last of the succession of human Gurus, passing authority instead to the Adi Granth?
Who are known as 'White Sikhs'?
Members of the Sikh Dharma ('3HO') organization in North America who dress in white.
What are the two main Jaina sects?
Digambara and Svetambara
Which of the following is NOT one of the four types of spiritual authority in Sikhism?
Guru-Gurdwara (temple as Guru).
What is the primary ethical duty of Khalsa Sikhs?
The quest for justice
Along with justice, what is seen as a key element of Sikh ethics?
According to Jaina tradition, how many Jinas appear in every time cycle of generation and degeneration?
The term 'Digambara' literally means ________ .
The most fundamental existential problem that prevents the soul from achieving a state of bliss is that ________ .
Jiva and ajiva are thoroughly enmeshed
Mahavira is considered the ________ Tirthankara.
The doctrine of anekantavada, literally meaning 'not one-sided', refers to the idea that ________ .
all human truth claims are partial and context-bound
What is the second sacred collection in Sikhism, after the Adi Granth?
The Dasam Granth
What is the hangar?
The communal meal open to all castes, prepared as a community service.
The Harimandir Sahib, built in the sacred pool of Amritsar, is commonly known as the ________ .
WRONG Adi Granth
What is the Khalsa?
A special order within the Sikh community marked by a special initiation and common identity.
Which Guru's martyrdom pushed the Sikh community in the direction of self-consciousness, separatism, and militancy?
For 48 minutes a day, Jaina devotees practice ________ .
Samayika meditation or reflection
Kirtan, a central part of Sikh congregational worship, is ________ .
WRONG: chanting a single mantra repeatedly
WRONG full-body prostration in prayer
Sikhs celebrate Divali (Deepavali) as a commemoration of __________ .
The day when Guru Hargobind was released from imprisonment
The Adi Granth, the Sikh scripture, is also known as _________ .
Guru Granth Sahib