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a mark made by a pointed tool and is often defined by a moving dot; can vary in width, direction, curvature, length, and even color; often suggests movement in a drawing or a painting


an area that is contained within an implied line or is seen and identified because of color or value changes; have two dimensions, length and width, and can be geometric or free form, organic


you need light in order to see color; color has three properties: hue, value, intensity


lightness or darkness of a color


birghtness of dullness of a color

Primary Colors

red, yellow, and blue; from those three colors, all others can be made, but no other color can make these three

Secondary Colors

orange, green, and violet; made from mixing two primary colors together

Intermediate Colors

mixing one primary color and an adjacent secondary color

Complementary Colors

opposites on the color wheel; if mixed, dullness is increased


adding black to a color to make it darker


adding white to a color to make it lighter


describes objects that are 3D having length, width, and height, while a 2D shape can be seen from only one side, a 3D form can be viewed from many sides; take up space whether they are natural or made by a designer; include rocks, sculpture, people, bottles, balls, and automobiles/


describes the feel of a n actual surface, 2 types: actual, and implied.

Actual Texture

texture you can actually feel

Implied Texture

looks like texture, but is actually on smooth, flat paper


the areas above, below, around, or within something, 2 types: positive and negative

Positive Space

the actual object, or subject matter

Negative Space

the areas around the positive space, usually the background


refers to differences in values, colors, or other art elements


refers to the arragement of elements on either side of a center line: symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial

Symmetrical Balance

where things on either side of the center line are almost alike or identical

Asymmetrical Balance

where both sides are not the same, one side is vicually heavier than the other

Radial Balance

where the design radiates through a central point


focal point, area of importance, what your eyes see first


how your eye is carried through a work of art, visual movement, through repitition of lines, shapes, color, etc.


the same shapes of elements are repeated again and again


repetition of the elements that help unify the surface and create a feeling of organization


what makes the art feel complete because everything seems to be in harmony and work together

Neutral colors

black, gray, white, brown, tan, beige


color combinations that are shades and tints of one color


three equally spaced colors on the color wheel

Warm Colors

colors that make you feel warm: red, yellow, and orange

Cool Colors

colors that make you feel cool: blue, green, and violet


colors found side by side on the color wheel; always contians one common color

Split Compliment

one color and the colors on both sides of its complement

Double Split Compliment

colors on both sides of the complement set

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