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37 terms

Art E&P of Design

STUDY
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Line
a mark made by a pointed tool and is often defined by a moving dot; can vary in width, direction, curvature, length, and even color; often suggests movement in a drawing or a painting
Shape
an area that is contained within an implied line or is seen and identified because of color or value changes; have two dimensions, length and width, and can be geometric or free form, organic
Color
you need light in order to see color; color has three properties: hue, value, intensity
Hue
name
Value
lightness or darkness of a color
Intensity
birghtness of dullness of a color
Primary Colors
red, yellow, and blue; from those three colors, all others can be made, but no other color can make these three
Secondary Colors
orange, green, and violet; made from mixing two primary colors together
Intermediate Colors
mixing one primary color and an adjacent secondary color
Complementary Colors
opposites on the color wheel; if mixed, dullness is increased
Shades
adding black to a color to make it darker
Tints
adding white to a color to make it lighter
Form
describes objects that are 3D having length, width, and height, while a 2D shape can be seen from only one side, a 3D form can be viewed from many sides; take up space whether they are natural or made by a designer; include rocks, sculpture, people, bottles, balls, and automobiles/
Texture
describes the feel of a n actual surface, 2 types: actual, and implied.
Actual Texture
texture you can actually feel
Implied Texture
looks like texture, but is actually on smooth, flat paper
Space
the areas above, below, around, or within something, 2 types: positive and negative
Positive Space
the actual object, or subject matter
Negative Space
the areas around the positive space, usually the background
Contrast
refers to differences in values, colors, or other art elements
Balance
refers to the arragement of elements on either side of a center line: symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial
Symmetrical Balance
where things on either side of the center line are almost alike or identical
Asymmetrical Balance
where both sides are not the same, one side is vicually heavier than the other
Radial Balance
where the design radiates through a central point
Emphasis
focal point, area of importance, what your eyes see first
Movement
how your eye is carried through a work of art, visual movement, through repitition of lines, shapes, color, etc.
Pattern
the same shapes of elements are repeated again and again
Rhythm
repetition of the elements that help unify the surface and create a feeling of organization
Unity
what makes the art feel complete because everything seems to be in harmony and work together
Neutral colors
black, gray, white, brown, tan, beige
Monochromatic
color combinations that are shades and tints of one color
Triad
three equally spaced colors on the color wheel
Warm Colors
colors that make you feel warm: red, yellow, and orange
Cool Colors
colors that make you feel cool: blue, green, and violet
Analogous
colors found side by side on the color wheel; always contians one common color
Split Compliment
one color and the colors on both sides of its complement
Double Split Compliment
colors on both sides of the complement set