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Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets.


The ancient Egyptian writing system that used picture symbols.


Written language developed by the Aryans in ancient India.

Phoenician Alphabet

Alphabet developed by the Phoenicians that became the model for later Western alphabets.(Greek & Latin)


Language of the Old Testament and Jews.


The language of ancient Rome.


All the poems, stories and writings of a period of time or of a country. One of the components of culture.


A long poem that tells a story.

Epic of Gilgamesh

An epic poem from Mesopotamia, and among the earliest known works of literary writing. Its about a king who tries to find immortality after his friend dies.

The Iliad

A long Greek epic poem, by Homer, about the events near the end of the Trojan War.

The Odyssey

Ancient Greek epic written by Homer, about Odysseus' 10 year struggle to get home from the Trojan War.

The Mahabharata

Epic poems of India's struggle for power between two branches of the same family, contains teaches of Hinduism.

The Ramayana

The Hindu story of Rama, a god-king that rescued his wife Sita from her abductor Sri Lanka. Written in ancient India.


Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Trojan War

A great war fought between Greece and Troy and the subject of the Iliad.


Pictures that stand for words or ideas; picture writing.


Written symbols.


The art of beautiful handwriting.

Rosetta Stone

A huge stone inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing.


Ancient paper made in Egypt from the stems of papyrus plants.

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