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GI Conditions Falvo
Terms in this set (36)
Primary function of the GI system
to convert nutrients, water, and electrolytes from food into energy to help the body function
Length of the GI tract
The digestive process starts here
muscular tube that leads from the mouth to the stomach
a flap that closes over the covering to the windpipe when food is swallowed, ensuring that food will pass into the esophagus rather than the windpipe.
moves food along with rhythmic, muscular movements
thin membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
3 parts of the small intestine
First part of small intestine is the duodenum
Middle section is the jejunum
Ileum is the part that connects the small to the large intestine
other name for large intestine
waste eliminated by the colon.
accessory organs of digestion (hint: there are 3)
inflammation of the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
inflammation of the gums, less severe than periodontitis
severe gum inflammation
inflammation of the mouth
difficulty in swallowing
stomach contents flow back into the esophagus, irritating the esophageal lining
when the opening to the esophagus become stretched or weakened, and the stomach protrudes through the opening in the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity
gastroesophageal reflex disease; when reflux causes damage and discomfort
examination of the esophagus through a hollow tube
physician specializing in conditions of the GI tract
inflammation of the lining of the stomach
peptic ulcer disease; characterized by ulcer formation in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum.
bacteria that causes more than 90% of duodenal ulcers and 80% of gastric ulcers
protrusion of an organ through the tissues that usually hold it in place
inflammatory bowel disease
inflammation or ulceration of the lining of the bowel (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are 2 types)
a surgical opening through which feces can be excreted. can be permanent or temporary.
the presence of outpouchings in the intestinal wall
irritable bowel syndrome
chronic or intermittent condition of the GI tract in which individuals experience chronic excessive spasms of the large intestine; cramping abdominal pain; and diarrhea, constipation, or both.
inflammation of the gall bladder
highly contagious, transmitted through the ingestion of food or water that has been contaminated b/c of poor sanitation or poor personal hygiene
Transmitted by contact with blood, semen, and vaginal fluids, or through injection with contaminated needles when injecting drugs or through tattooing, ear piercing, electrolysis, or acupuncture. Can also be transmitted by sharing toothbrushes or other personal care items that have body fluids.
Contracted by the transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products or from infected needles. This is a lifelong condition.
progressive condition of the liver in which liver function is disorganized and altered b/c of damages to the liver.
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