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Chapter 17: Becoming a World Power
Terms in this set (18)
The economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations.
Where the imperial power allowed the local rulers to stay in control and protected them against rebellions and invasions. In exchange for this protection, the local rulers usually had to accept advice from the Europeans on how to govern their countries.
An influential advocate of Anglo-Saonism and a popular American minister in the late 1800s. Linked Anglo-Saxonism to Christian missionary ideas. His ideas influenced many Americans. By linking missionary work to Anglo-Saxonism, he convinced many Americans to support imperialism and an expansion of American power overseas.
The idea that the United States and Latin America should work together.
Organization of American States
An international organization that includes the United States and over thirty nations in Latin America. It was founded in the 1940s to promote the peaceful settlementsof disputes and economic cooperation among members.
Alfred T. Mahan
An officer in the U.S. Navy who taught at the Naval War College, best expressed the idea that if the United States did not build up its navy and acquire bases overseas, it would be shut out of foreign markets by the Europeans. In 1890 he published his lectures in a book called "The Influence of Sean Power Upon History, 1660-1783." In this book he pointed out that many prosperous peoples in the past, such as the British and Dutch, had built large fleets of merchant ships in order to trade with the world. He then suggested that a nation also needed a large navy to protect its merchant ships and to defend its right to trade with other countries. After arguing that the United States needed a large navy, he observed that building a modern navy meant that the United States had to acquire territory for naval bases overseas. His book became a best-seller, and it helped to build public support for a big navy.
U.S. battleship sent to Havana in early 1898 to protect American interests; it blew up mysteriously in February 1898 killing 266 men. When the explosion happened many Americans blamed Spain, helping to cause the war. In 1976, it was discovered that the ship blew up accidentally.
William Randolph Hearst
Owner of "The New York Journal". Competed with "The World". His newspaper reported outrageous stories of the Spanish feeding Cuban prisoners to sharks and dogs.
Owner of "The New York World". Competed with "The Journal". His newspaper described Cuba as a place with "blood on the roadsides, blood in the fields, blood in the doorsteps, blood, blood, blood!".
The kind of sensationalists reporting, in which writers often exaggerated or even made up stories to attract readers.
A Filipino revolutionary leader who had staged an unsuccessful uprising against the Spanish in 1896.
An act passed by Congress making Puerto Rico an unincorporated territory. This meant that Puerto Ricans were not U.S. citizens and had no constitutional rights. The act also stated that Congress could pass whatever laws it wanted for the island.
Specified the following: (1) Cuba could not make any treaty with another nation that would weaken its independence or allow another foreign power to gain territory in Cuba; (2) Cuba had to allow the United States to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba; (3) Cuba's debt gad to be kept low to prevent foreign countries from landing troops to enforce payment; and (4) the United States would have the right to intervene to protect Cuban independence and keep order.
Sphere of Influence
An area where a foreign nation controlled economic development such as railroad construction and mining.
Open Door policy
Policy in which all countries should be allowed to trade with China.
Group members besieged foreign embassies in Beijing, killing more than 200 foreigners and taking others prisoner. In August 1900, an international force that included U.S. troops stepped in and squashed the rebellion.
"Great White Fleet"
16 battleships of the new United States Navy sent by President Roosevelt in 1907 in a voyage around the world to showcase the nation's military might. The tour made a stop in Japan to demonstrate that the United States could and would uphold its interests in Asia.
Taft's belief that if American and business leaders supported Latin American and Asian development, everyone would benefit.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 16: Politics and Reform
Chapter 18: The Progressive Movement
Unit 1: Colonization of North America
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