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45 terms

AP Gov Chapters 15 & 16

STUDY
PLAY
mass media
the entire array of organizations through which information is collected and disseminated to the general public
news media
media providing the public with new information about subjects of public interest
yellow journalism
a form of newspaper publishing in vogue in the late 19th C that featured pictures, comics, color, and sensationalized coverage
muckracking
a form of journalism, in vogue in the early 20th C, devoted to exposing misconduct by gov, business, and individual politicians
narrowcasting
targeting media programing at specific populations within society
citizen journalists
ordinary individuals who collect, report, and analyze news content
on the record
information provided to a journalist that can be released and attributed by name to the source
off the record
information provided to a journalist that will not be released to the public
on background
information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to a named source
deep background
info provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to any source
content regulations
limitations on the substance of the mass media
equal time rule
requires broadcast stations to sell air time equally to all candidates in a political campaign if they choose to sell it to any
press release
a document offering an official comment or position
press briefing
a relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press
press conference
an unrestricted session between an elected official and the press
media effects
the influence of news sources on public opinion
agenda setting
the process of forming the list of issues to be addressed by governement
framing
the process by which a news organization defines a political issue and consequently affects opinion about the issue
interest group
a collection of people or organizations that tries to influence public policy
pluralist theory
the theory that political power is distributed among a wide array of diverse and competing interest groups
disturbance theory
the theory that interest groups form as a result of changes in the political system
transactions theory
the theory that public policies are the result of narrowly defined exchanges among political actors
collective good
something of value that cannot be withheld from a non member of a group, for example, a tax write-off or a better environment
population ecology theory
the theory that the formation of political organizations is conditional on the resources allocated to a given issue area
public interest group
an organization that seeks a collective good that will not selectively and materially benefit group members
economic interest group
a group with the primary purpose of promoting the financial interests of its members
earmark
funds that an appropriations bill designates for specific projects within a state or congressional district
political action committee (PAC)
officially registered fundraising organization that represents interest groups in the political process
lobbying
the activities of a group or organization that seek to persuade political leaders to support the group's position
patron
a person who finances a group or individual activity
free rider problem
potential members fail to join a group because they can get the benefit, or collective good, sought by the group without contributing the effort
Honest Leadersip & Open Government Act of 2007
lobbying reform banning gifts to members of congress and their staffs, toughening disclosure requirements, and increasing time limits on moving from the federal government to the private sector
Affiliates
Local television stations that carry the programming of a national network
Agenda Setting
The constant process of forming the list of issued to be addressed by government
Blog
Web-based journal entries that provide an editorial and news outlet for citizens
Broadcast Media
Television, radio, cable, and satellite services
Network
An association of broadcast stations (radio or TV) that share programming through a financial arrangement
NEW Media
Technologies, such as the Internet, that blur the line between media sources and create new oppertunities for the dissemination of news and other information
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)
The Supreme Court concluded that "actual malice" must be proved to support a finding of libel against a public figure
Print Media
Traditional form of mass media, comprising newspapers, magazines, newsletters, and journals
Wire Service
An electronic delivery of news gathered by the news service's correspondents and sent to all member news media organizations
Civic Virtue
Tendancy to form small-scale associations for the public good
Lobbyist
Interest group representatives who seek to influence legislation that will benefit his or her organization or client through political persuasion
Social Capital
Myriad relationships that individuals enjoy that facilitate the resolution of community problems through collective action
Trade Association
A group that represents a certain industry