CRJU chapter 11
Terms in this set (40)
maltreatment (neglect and abuse), sexual exploitation (pornography and prostitution), trafficking and abduction.
Crimes against children include:
neglect, physical abuse, emotional abuse and sexual abuse.
The four common types of maltreatment are:
Neglect is the most common form of child maltreatment and may be fatal.
Do you know what the most common form of child maltreatment is and how serious it is?
-Birth to 1
______ to ___ year had highest rate of victimization
Victimization was split between the sexes
More than __ percent of victims suffered neglect
More than __ percent of victims suffered physical abuse
Child abuse has been identified as the biggest single cause of death of young children
Do you know what has been identified as the biggest single cause of death of young children?
CHILD FATALITIES IN 2013
Estimated ______ children died
2.36 (boys) and 1.77 (girls) deaths per 100,000 children of each gender
______% < 3 years old
Nearly 4/5 of child fatalities caused by one or both parents (___%)
Child abuse and neglect can result in serious and permanent physical, mental and emotional damage, as well as in future violent and criminal behavior.
Do you know what effects child abuse can have?
: INCREASED CHANCES
Children younger than 4 years of age
Special needs children
History of child maltreatment in family
Concentrated neighborhood disadvantage
increased chances for maltreatment:
Typically child abuse and neglect laws have three components: (1) criminal definitions and penalties, (2) a mandate to report suspected cases and (3) a civil process for removing the child from the abusive or neglectful environment.
what are the three components to child abuse and neglect laws
what is ________ varies from state to state for abuse and neglect laws
physical or mental
abuse laws for VA: "Abused or neglected child" means any child less than 18 years of age: _______ or _______ INJURY
Child Protective Services are child ____________
law enforcement is ______ _________ for children
someone builds emotional connection with a child to gain trust for purpose of sexual abuse or exploitation
Internet Crimes Against Children
Child Protection Act (1984)
Send images of people with child porn to see if the person exists
what does ICAC stand for / what act does it go along with
Multidisciplinary team (MDT) approach
Focus: Keeping children/cases from "falling through the cracks."
what is the MDT (multidisciplinary team) approach?
the need to protect the child from further harm, the possibility of parental involvement, the need to collaborate with other agencies, the difficulty of interviewing children and credibility concerns.
Challenges in investigating crimes against children include:
If the possibility of present or continued danger to the child exists, the child must be removed into protective custody.
Do you know when a child should be taken into protective custody?
When interviewing children, officers should consider the child's age, ability to describe what happened and the potential for retaliation by the suspect against a child who "tells."
Do you know what factors to consider in interviewing child victims?
In most child abuse cases, children tell the truth to the best of their ability.
Do you know whether children are generally truthful about abuse?
Most reports of child neglect or abuse are made by third parties such as teachers, physicians, neighbors, siblings or parents. Seldom does the victim report the offense.
Do you know who usually reports crimes against children?
Requires special skills
Obtain background information
interviewing abused children:
Evidence in child neglect or abuse cases includes the surroundings, the home conditions, clothing, bruises or other body injuries, the medical examination report and other observations.
Do you know what evidence is important in these cases?
Indicators of neglect or abuse may be physical or behavioral or both.
Do you know what things can indicate child neglect or abuse?
Munchausen syndrome and Munchausen by proxy syndrome
Sudden infant death syndrome
Investigating child fatalities
PARENT AS SUSPECT:
the non-parent suspect:
_______- hates children
_______ - seeks adolescents
Pedophile or "chicken hawk"
pedophiles rarely or often use force?
solo, transition and syndicated. Certain cults are also involved in the sexual abuse of children.
Do you know what types of sex rings exist in the United States?
Investigators should be aware of three types of sex rings:
Pedophiles' reactions to being discovered usually begin with complete denial and then progress to minimizing the acts, justifying the acts and blaming the victims. If all else fails, they may claim to be sick
Do you know how pedophiles typically react when discovered?
The Child Protection Act (1984) prohibits child pornography and greatly increases the penalties for adults who engage in it.
Do you know what the Child Protection Act involves?
special task forces, strike forces and law enforcement networks.
Do you know what three law enforcement approaches are models to combat child sexual exploitation?
Three law enforcement approaches have emerged as models to combat child sexual exploitation:
A special challenge in cases where a child is reported missing is to determine whether the child has run away or been abducted.
Do you know what challenges a missing child report presents?
The most frequent type of child abduction is parental abduction.
Do you know what the most common type of child abduction is?
nationwide alert system, abduction with info about abductor or car
what is the amber alert plan?
underlying conflict (disclipline)
when determining runaway or abduction, what is the main factor?
thorough search of the house!!!!
if your child is missing, what is the FIRST thing to do?
parental abduction: _______ issue
Abducted child: often _______
_________child to find reasons for runaway juvenile
Crimes against children may be prevented by educating them about potential danger and by keeping the channels of communication open.
Do you know how crimes against children can be prevented?
Maltreatment (neglect and abuse)
Sexual exploitation (pornography and prostitution)
Trafficking and abduction
Crimes against children include: