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182 terms

GOV 2306 Test III

STUDY
PLAY
1. The political party and politically-oriented interest group:
differ because political parties try to win elections while interest groups' main goals are to influence government decisions.
2. Which of the following groups could not be classified as a special interest group in Texas?
La Raza Unida Party.
3. The ultimate goal of any political interest group is to:
influence public policy for the benefit of its members.
4. Which is not a professional interest group?
the Moral Majority
5. Agricultural interest groups include all but:
the Sunbelt Buyers.
6. The existence of lobbying is protected by the:
First Amendment
7. Your interest group favors lower taxes, deregulation, and minimum safety standards. Which of the following groups are you likely to be a member of?
Texas Association of Businesses
8. Three of the most influential types of interest groups in the United States are:
business, agriculture, and labor.
9. Public-interest groups:
claim to represent the general good rather than special interests.
10. Which of the following would be most likely to be hired as a lobbyist for a major economic concern?
a former member of the legislature
11. Two politically important groups organized by Spanish-speaking Texans are:
PASO and LULAC
12. Which of the following statements is NOT accurate with regard to the general rules of interest group formation?
Those in the working class are more likely to join groups than those in the upper class.
13. In which of the following arenas do interest groups attempt to affect public policy?
All of the above
14. What is formed by an organization, industry, or individual for the purpose of collecting money and contributing to selected political candidates or causes?
Political action committees
15. The efforts of interest group representatives to influence policy-makers face-to-face are called
"lobbying."
16. In attempting to influence the legislature, one of the most important resources lobbyists have available is
information
17. In 1932, representatives of industries interested in expanding highway construction in Texas formed the
Texas Good Roads Association
18. The Texas Good Roads and Transportation Association is made up of
all of the above.
19. The best known and probably the largest of the organizations that currently comprise the "Christian Right" is
the Christian Coalition
20. Which interest groups have had little influence on public policy in Texas?
Organized labor
21. Labor unions are handicapped in Texas by state laws prohibiting
all of the above.
22. The oldest of the Hispanic organizations in Texas, formed to combat discrimination against Mexican Americans, is
none of the above.
23. The largest organization representing teachers in Texas is
the Texas State Teachers Association.
24. Efforts to organize teachers in Texas are handicapped by
a legal prohibition against bargaining collectively with school districts.
25. In order to win support for their causes, lobbyists must
supply powerful arguments and good information.
26. Some critics claim that interest groups are especially powerful in Texas because
all of the above.
1. The legislative agency that helps draft the state budget is the
Legislative Budget Board
2. Which of these districts are not determined by the Legislature?
U.S. Senate
3. The Texas Constitution calls for legislative redistricting
during the first regular session after the federal decennial census.
4. Special sessions of the Texas legislature are:
none of the above.
5. According to the rules of the Texas Senate, debate is:
basically unlimited.
6. Bills introduced in the House are referred to a committee by the
Speaker
7. Length of a senate term
4
8. The existence of standing committees in the House and Senate promotes
all of the above.
9. The chief function of legislature in the United States is to:
enact public policy.
10. Which committee controls the flow of legislation from other committees to the floor of the House of Representatives?
Calendars
11. Legislators in Texas come from districts that are:
equal in population size in both the House and Senate.
12. The Texas Legislature meets in regular session:
every other year for 140 days.
13. In reality, the passage or defeat of a bill depends on:
all of the above
14. The Supreme Court ruled in 1960 that all districts within a state must have:
equal number of people
15. In terms of the number of committees in the Texas Legislature, which statement is true?
the House has more committees than the Senate
16. In regard to standing committees in the Texas Legislature
they are found in both houses.
17. Length of a representative term
2
18. Cloture is a
device to halt a filibuster.
19. Who may draft a bill for introduction in the House?
any member of the House.
20. Which of these powers does the Legislature not have?
recurrent.
21. The term used to describe the situation in which a committee refuses to release a bill which effectively kills the bill, is
pigeonhole.
22. Powers of the presiding officers of the Legislature do not include
power to control legislative salaries.
23. The legislative agency which reviews state agencies and recommend whether they will be continued or abolished is the
Sunset Advisory Commission.
24. The occupation that is listed most frequently by Texas Legislature is
attorney.
25. Negotiating a compromise on bills which differ on passage in each House is the function of
conference committee.
26. Members of conference committees are
appointed by the presiding officers of each house.
27. Maximum length of a special session
30
28. Minimum age for a senator
26
29. Minimum age for a representative
21
30. Maximum length of a regular legislative session
140
31. Number of representatives
150
32. Laws go into effect after this number of days
90
33. Monthly pay of legislators for Texas legislators
$600
34. A bill that must originate in the House is
revenue bill
35. The only state with a unicameral legislature is
Nebraska
36. The presiding officers of the Legislature do not have the power to
permanently expel a member of his house
37. The salary of the lieutenant governor is determined by the
constitution
38. The salaries of the Texas legislators can be changed only by
constitutional amendment
39. Number of senators
31
40. If the legislature fails to redistrict at the proper time, it will be done by the
Legislative Redistricting Board
41. Debate in the Texas House of Representatives is:
usually for a short period of minutes.
42. Which of the following is not a calendar used by the Texas House?
Municipal.
43. The lower house of the Texas legislature is:
members elected from districts of roughly equal population.
44. Before enactment, a proposed law or statute is known as a
bill.
45. The speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is:
selected by a majority vote of his fellow representatives.
46. The selection of the Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is:
usually completed unofficially before the first meeting of the legislature.
47. Which of the following is not a type of legislative committee?
nominal committee.
48. A legislative committee which meets when the legislature is not in session to consider proposed legislation is:
interim committee
49. The Texas Legislature has all of the following characteristics except:
a unicameral structure.
50. The president of the Senate
votes on a bill only when necessary to break a tie.
51. One factor that severely limits the number of people seeking legislative positions in Texas is:
cost of waging an effective campaign
52. Which is not a characteristic of a special legislative session?
can be held only in odd-numbered years
53. An individual is limited to how many terms in the Texas legislature?
no limit
54. The backbone of the legislative process is the
committee system
55. The assistant presiding officer of the Senate is the
president pro tempore
56. The dominant occupation among Texas legislators in 1991 was
law
57. Which legal principle was established by the United States Supreme Court for the drawing of political boundaries?
"one man, one vote"
58. Senatorial courtesy refers to
the custom that allows an individual senator to block the governor's appointment of a person who lives in that senator's district
59. The line item veto is
the governor's removal of specific spending items from general appropriations bills only
60. The presiding officer of the Texas Senate is the
lieutenant governor
61. The speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is elected by
a majority of House members
62. The Texas legislature includes
a 31-member Senate and a 150-member House of Representatives
63. I will appreciate your assistance in helping me become a better teacher. Would you please tell me what your overall evaluation of the course is:
All of the above
64. Would you recommend your political science teacher to your friends?
All of the above
65. The number of members in the Texas Senate is
31.
66. The number of members in the Texas House of Representatives is
150
67. In comparison with other state legislatures, the upper chamber in Texas is ____ than average and the lower chamber is ____ than
smaller/larger
68. Members of the Texas Senate serve ____-year terms while members of the Texas House of Representatives serve ____-year terms.
four/two
69. Special sessions of the Texas legislature called by the governor are limited to a maximum of how many days?
30
70. If the Texas legislature fails to redistrict, responsibility for redistricting is assumed by the
Legislative Redistricting Board.
71. Which of the following is not a member of the Legislative Redistricting Board?
The governor
72. The process of drawing boundaries of electoral districts in such a way that one party or faction has an advantage over another is called
gerrymandering.
73. Since 1975, how much have legislative salaries in Texas have been per year?
$7,200
74. The current salary for legislators in Texas was established by
a constitutional amendment.
75. Members of the Texas Senate must be at least ____ years of age while members of the Texas House must be at least ____ years of age.
26/21
76. The typical Texas legislator is
all of the above.
77. The average age of state legislators in Texas is approximately
50.
78. Chairpersons of committees in the Texas legislature are selected by
the presiding officers.
79. The presiding officer of the Texas Senate is the
lieutenant governor.
80. The presiding officer of the Texas House of Representatives is the
Speaker.
81. The speaker of the Texas House of Representatives is chosen by the
members of the House.
82. Which committees in the Texas legislature most closely resemble select committees in the U.S. Congress?
Ad hoc committees
83. Which of the following bodies was created in 1949 to provide research and technical services to Texas legislators?
The Texas Legislative Council
84. Members of conference committees in Texas are selected by
the presiding officers.
85. In the Texas House of Representatives, bills are referred to the proper committees by the
speaker.
86. In the Texas House, the placement of a bill on the appropriate calendar is the responsibility of the
Calendars Committee and the Local and Consent Calendars Committee.
87. Regular sessions of the Texas Legislature occur
every two years for a four-month period.
88. Biennial sessions have the effect of
both A and C.
89. Committee chairpersons of standing committees are
appointed by the lieutenant governor.
90. The most significant power of a presiding officer of the Texas legislature is the right to
appoint members to standing committees.
91. The Speaker of the House in Texas is
elected by the members of the House of Representatives at the beginning of each session.
92. The process by which voters can place an issue on the ballot and if approved, have it become law is called
initiative.
93. The process of citizens circulating a petition to have the right to vote to remove a law is called a
referendum.
94. Critics of the existing system believe that initiative and referendum would
all of the above.
95. Supporters of the existing system believe that initiative and referendum would
all of the above.
96. Which of the following forms of legislative action is used by the Texas legislature to propose constitutional amendments?
Joint resolution
97. Which of the following types of legislation may not originate in the Texas Senate?
Revenue bills
98. How many readings does the Texas Constitution require that proposed legislation be given before being enacted into law?
Three
99. An effort to force the withdrawal of a controversial bill through the use of the unlimited privileges of debate in the Senate is called a
filibuster
100. Differences between bills passed by the House and Senate are resolved by what type of committee?
Conference
101. Unless the legislature adjourns, the governor has ___ days (excluding Sundays) to dispose of enacted legislation.
ten
102. The governor's item veto applies only to
appropriations bills
103. Appropriations bills passed by the Texas legislature always take effect
on September 1.
104. Legislators in Texas are handicapped by
all of the above.
105. In recent years, the legislature in Texas
has become more urban and more Republican.
106. Public policy that has the force of law is made by
all of the above.
107. Whose opinions have the force of law unless they are successfully challenged in court?
Attorney general
108. The Calendars Committee
is selective and determines which bills will go to the floor for a vote.
109. Parliamentary procedures enable
both B and C.
1. The executive branch of Texas is divided into:
many elective and appointive offices.
2. The main reason Texas' executive branch power is fragmented is because:
the framers of the Texas Constitution had a basic fear of executive power
3. Which of the following is not an informal qualification for the typical Texas governor?
at least thirty years of age
4. If the office of governor is vacated by absence of the governor, it is filled by
Lieutenant Governor
5. Before Texas' constitution was amended, the governor was elected for:
two-year terms with no limit on the number of terms.
6. Arguments for a four-year term of office for the governor include all of the following except:
it guarantees Democratic control
7. The governor of Texas can be removed from office by:
impeachment by the House and conviction by two-thirds of the Senate.
8. The legislative agency that helps draft the state budget is the
Legislative Budget Board
9. In practice, a veto by the governor of Texas is:
usually final.
10. After the end of the legislative session, the governor's veto is:
in practice absolute
11. The governor does not have the power to exercise:
a pocket veto
12. Which of these is not a legislative power of the governor?
may exercise the pocket veto.
13. The salary of the Texas governor is determined by the
Legislature.
14. The governor may exercise the item veto on which of the following
the appropriations bill
15. The most formidable power(s) that the governor has with regard to the state budget is his ability to:
do all of the above
16. Regarding the removal power of the governor of Texas:
The governor may unilaterally remove any member of his or her staff.
17. The budget powers of the governor include
submitting a budget to the Legislature.
18. Relative to gubernatorial succession, which of the following statements is true?
If the governor is in Oklahoma on a dove hunt, the lieutenant governor becomes acting governor.
19. The candidates who lost in the last three Texas gubernatorial elections (1990, 1986, 1982) have been, respectively,
Clayton Williams, Mark white, and Bill Clements.
20. Which of the following is not a penalty for conviction on an impeachment charge in Texas?
Disqualification from holding any federal office
21. The lieutenant governor is considered one of the most powerful officeholders in state government for all but one of the following reasons because he or she
is a member of the governor's cabinet
22. The term, "plural executive," refers to
an executive branch of government in which the governor shares the power with some officeholders
23. Which is the only major statewide officeholder appointed by the governor?
secretary of state
24. If a governor dies or is incapacitated in office, he or she is replaced until the next general election by the
lieutenant governor
25. Articles of impeachment against a governor are
brought by the House and tried in the Senate
26. Who was the only Texas governor to be removed from office by impeachment?
James E. "Pa" Ferguson
27. The line item veto is
the governor's removal of specific spending items from general appropriations bills only
28. How many years was the term of office for governor prior to the adoption of a constitutional amendment in 1972?
Two
29. Since the constitutional amendment extending the governor's term of office from two years to four years went into effect, gubernatorial elections in Texas
have always been held in the off-year from presidential elections.
30. Which of the following bodies acts as a trial court when the governor has been impeached?
The Senate
31. When the governor of Texas dies, resigns, or is removed from office by impeachment and conviction, who becomes governor?
Lieutenant governor
32. The primary responsibility for preparing the executive budget lies with the
Office of Budget and Planning
33. The Texas Constitution stipulates that to be governor of Texas, a candidate must have reached a minimum age of
30.
34. Which of the following is not one of the personal characteristics shared by most Texas governors?
Politically liberal
35. Which of the following governors was an attorney?
Mark White
36. Which of the following officials is appointed by the governor in Texas?
Secretary of state
37. Gubernatorial appointments in Texas must be confirmed by the state's
Senate
38. "Address" and "quo warranto proceedings" are both methods of
removing an official from office
39. Exercising the message power and the session power are among the Texas governor's responsibilities in his or her role as
chief legislator
40. When the Texas governor calls for a special session of the legislature, the agenda for the session is set by the
governor.
41. The Texas governor's veto power is absolute when
the legislature adjourns prior to the exercise of the veto.
42. The power of the governor in Texas to delete individual items from an appropriations bill without having to veto it in its entirety is known as the
item veto.
43. The power to declare martial law in the state is one of the Texas governor's powers as
commander in chief/top cop.
44. Participation in parades, ribbon-cuttings, or other ceremonial occasions may be required of the governor in his or her role as
chief of state.
45. Using the media for public appearances to gain support for programs and visiting disaster victims are aspects of the governor's role as
leader of the people.
46. The first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction was
William Clements.
47. Governor Clements had difficulties in his first term in office because
all of the above.