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47 terms

Roaring Twenties/ Great Depression

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Teapot Dome Scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
Warren G Harding
president who called for a return to normalcy following WWI. Very corrupt presidency.
Albert Fall
The Secretary of the Interior who accepted bribes from an oil company and started the Teapot Dome Scandal.
A. Mitchell Palmer
attorney general who authorized anti-radical raids and deportations
Sacco and Vanzetti
were two italian born american laborers and anarchists who were tired convicted and executed via electrocution on Aug 3 1927 for the 1920 armed robbery. it is believed they had nothing to do with the crime
Red Scare
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas
KKK
Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They masked themselves and burned black churches, schools, and terrorized black people. They are anti-black and anti-Semitic.
Hiram Wesley Evans
was Imperial Wizard of the "second" Ku Klux Klan from 1922 until 1939
Lynching
The practice of an angry mob hanging a percieved criminal without regard to due process. In the South, blacks who did not behave as the inferiors to whites might be lynched by white mobs.
Marcus Garvey
African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
John Scopes
Teacher was charged with violating laws prohibiting the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools.
Henry Ford
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines.
Model T
the first widely available automobile powered by a gasoline engine
Assembly Line
mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it
Credit
arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services
Charles Lindberg
American hero who was the first to fly solo from New York to Paris
Prohibition
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
Langston Hughes
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"
Louis Armstrong
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
Herbert Hoover
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
Calvin Coolidge
Became president when Harding died. Tried to clean up scandals. Business prospered and people's wealth increased
Long Bull Market
An extended period of growing stock prices
Speculation
risky buying and selling of stocks in the hope of making a quick profit
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
Andrew Mellon
the Secretary of the Treasury during the Harding Administration. He felt it was best to invest in tax-exempt securities rather than in factories that provided prosperous payrolls. He believed in trickle down economics.
Trickle Down Economics
That money is given to the big corporations and eventually t hey will pay their workers more and then the workers will spend their money and save the economy.
Bank Run
A situation in which many depositors simultaneously decide to withdraw money from a bank
Dust bowl
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
Volunteerism
Hoover asked businesses to personally volunteer to lower wages
FDR
Roosevelt, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
Polio
A disease that can cause crippling, paralysis, and death.
New Deal
The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression
Fireside Chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
SEC
Securities and Exchange Commission. created to regulate the stock market.
AAA
Agricultural Adjustment Administration: attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies
CCC
Civilian Conservation Corps. It was Relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.
PWA
Public Works Administration. Part of Roosevelts New Deal programs. Put people to work building or improving public buildings like schools, post offices,etc.
WPA
Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting
Wagner Act
1935, also National Labor Relations Act; granted rights to unions; allowed collective bargaining
Social Security
An act passed in 1935 gave government-payed pensions to American citizens over the age 65 as well as provided help for the unemployed, the disabled, and the needy.
Ku Klux Klan Membership
added to its membership by publicizing their support of legitimate political goals.
Harlem Renaissance
The flowering of African American arts in the 1920s
bank collapses
caused depositors lose their savings
Herbert Hoover's landslide victory
Due to the prosperity of the 1920's
Flappers
Stylish, unconventional American women of the 1920s who dressed in attire considered too revealing by previous generations
Causes of the Depression
Stock Market Crash, Unequal Distribution of Wealth, Decline of the Farm Industry, Overproduction of Goods, Weak and Unregulated Banking Institutions, Unchecked Real Estate and Stock Speculation, and Republican Domestic and International Policy