Upgrade to remove ads
CJUS 451 Final
Terms in this set (36)
Core rights of vicitms
vary by jurisdiction; however, the following core rights have been found in many state constitutions: right to attend, right to compensation, right to be heard, right to be informed, right to protection, right to restitution, right to return of property, right to a speedy trail, and right to enforcement.
Cycle of victimization and offendeing
explains how young girls often run away from home in an attempt to escape from an abusive situation, usually ending up as offender themselves
Fear of victimization
a gendered experience where women experience higher rates of fear of crime compared to males. This idea is based on the distorted portrayal offenders themselves
Feminist pathways persepctive
provides some of the best under standing of how women find themselves stuck in a cycle that begins with victimizaiton and leads to offending
Just world hypothesis
society has a need to believe that people deserve whatever comes to them; this paradigm is linked to patterns of victim blaming
developed to explore the risks of victimization from personal crimes and seeks to relate the patterns of one's every-day activities to the potential for victimization
distinguished categories of victims based on the responsibility of the victim and the degree to which the victim had the power to make decisions that could alter his or her likelihood of victimization.
Rape Myth Acceptance
false beliefs that are seen as justifiable causes for sexual aggression against women
Routine activities theory
created to discuss the risk of victimization in property crimes. It suggests that the likelihood of a criminal act or the likelihood of victimization occurs when an offender, a potential victim and the absence of a guardian that would deter said offender from making contact with the victim are combined.
the idea that victims become more traumatized after the primary victimization. It can stem from victim blaming or from the process of collecting evidence (physical or testimonial.)
shifting the blame of rape from the offender to the victim; by doing so, the confrontation of the realities of victimization is avoided.
von Hentig, Hans
his theory of victimization highlights 13 categories of victims and focuses on how personal factors such as biological, social, and psychological characteristics influence risk factors for victimization
the victim knows the perpetrator; it usually accounts for the majority of rape and sexual assault cases
an unwanted sexual act that occurs after a victim voluntarily or involuntarily consumes drugs or alcohol
an unwanted sexual act that occurs after a victim voluntarily consumes drugs or alcohol
sexual intercourse under force, threat of force, or without the legal consent of the individual. In many jurisdictions, the term rape specifically applies in cases of penile-vaginal forced intercourse
Same-sex sexual assault
oftentimes refers to male-on-male assault, due to the limited research on woman-on woman sexual violence.
often used as an umbrella term for all forms of unwanted sexual activity other than rape, sexual assault includes acts, such as penetration other than vaginal-penile penetration, penetration by objects, sodomy, forced oral copulation, sexual touching, and other lewd acts
involves emotional coercion or physical force against a spouse to achieve nonconsensual sexual intercourse; it can often lead to domestic violence.
sexual activity that is unlawful because it is prohibited by stature or code, it generally involves someone who is not of legal age to give consent.
the perpetrator is unknown to the victim and is usually associated with a lack of safety, such as walking home at night or not locking the doors.
a perpetrator, often of minority ethnicity, who hides in dark shadows awaiting the abduction, rape, or murder of unknown innocents. He or she attacks at random, is unprovoked, and is difficult to apprehend
Battered womens movement
shelters and counseling programs established throughout the United States to help women in need as a result of the feminist movements in the 1960s and 1970s. It led to systematic changes in how the police and courts handled cases of domestic violence.
incidents of stalking that use electronic forms of technology such as emal, text GPS, and the internet.
Cycle of violence
conceptualized by Lenore Walker in 1979 to help explain how perpetrators of intimate partner abuse maintain control over their victims over time. The cycle is made of three distinct time frames: tension building, the abusice incident, and the honey moon period
intimate partner abuse in relationships where people are unmarried and may or may not be living together; violenece that occurs between two people who are unmarried; teenagers are seen as the most at-risk population
police officers have the option to arrest or not arrest the offender based on their free choice within the context of their professional judgement
act that are indicative of stalking behaviors but do not igfnite feelings of fear in the victim
Intimate partner abuse
Abuse that occurs between individuals who curently hhave, or have previously had, an intimate relationship
surfaced during the 1980s and 1990s with the intention to stop domestic violence by deterring offenders. It clarified the roles of police officers when dealing with domestic violence calls and removed the responsibility of arrest from the victim.
Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment
helped show the decrease in recidivism rates when an actual arrest was made in misdemeanor domestic violence incidents, in comparison to when a police officer just counseled the aggressor.
developed in response to a victims lack of participation in the prosecution of her batterer; these polices have led to the disempowering of victims.
Same-sex intimate partner abuse
Violence Against Women Act
You might also like...
CJUS 451 Exam 2
Chapter 12: Sexual Assault
Human Sexuality: Chapter 17 (Sexual Coercion)
Other sets by this creator
CJUS 465 Midterm 1
PSYC 364 Quiz 3
CJUS 466 Midterm 1
PSYC 364 Midterm #2
Other Quizlet sets
سيرة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم من مولده حتى الإسرا…
Lower GI problems- Adults II exam III
Chapter 39, Oxygenation and Perfusion
Neoplasier + benign vs malign tumor