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24 terms

Texas Government Exam

For Credit By Exam
STUDY
PLAY
Top 5 Revenue Sources
Federal Income ($41.4 bill), Sales tax ($19.6 bill), Bond and Note Proceeds ($16.4 bill), Other ($7.8 bill) and Investments ($7.4 bill)
Top 5 Spending Categories
Public Assistance Payments ($34 bill), Intergovernmental Payments ($28.2 bill), Interfund Transfers/Others ($14.9 bill), Salaries and Wages ($10.6 bill) and Employee Benefits ($7.5 bill)
Plural Executive Branch
All executive officers (except Secretary of State) are elected independently making them directly answerable to the public as opposed to the governor
Executive Branch
Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Land Commissioner, Attorney General, Agriculture Commissioner, Texas Railroad Commission, State Board of Education, Secretary of State
Governor
Commander-in-chief of state militia, can convene legislature, no term limit
Lieutenant Governor
President of the Senate, controls the budgeting process as a leader of the Legislative Budget Board
Comptroller of Public Accounts
responsible for collecting substantially all tax revenue owed to the Sate, collects and remits the local portion of tax revenue to cities, counties, and special districts, operates various pre-paid college tuition funds operated by state
Land Commissioner
administers use of all state-owned lands, authorizes exploration and exploitation of public lands, must reconcile the economic use of natural resources with environmental protection and conservation
Attorney General
handles legal related activities every time a lawsuit is filed against or by the state, provide support and advice to local officials, promote public awareness on crime and safety issues
Agricultural Commissioner
enforces food inspection, animal quarantine, licensing, disease and pest control, and promoting exports.
Texas Railroad Commission
three members serving staggered terms, regulates state and interstate railroads, oil and gas industry, trucking, and mining
State Board of Education
15 board members from districts across state, oversee instruction, school initiatives, and school finances
Secretary of State
administers elections, maintains some financial records
House of Representatives
150 members from single-member districts, 68% republican, lower house, leader is Speaker of the House
Senate
31 members from single-member districts, 61% Republican, upper house, leader is Lieutenant Governor
Judicial Branch
5 levels of Courts: Supreme Court (1), Court of Criminal Appeals (1), Court of Appeals (2; major cities), District Courts (3, trials for general jurisdiction), County Courts (3), Commissioners Courts (4), Courts of Justice of the Peace (lowest court)
Texas Supreme Court
hears only civil cases, no criminal cases EXCEPT when the defendant is a juvenile
Court of Criminal Appeals
hears only criminal cases, does NOT hear criminal cases where defendant is a juvenile
Political culture
classical liberalism, social conservatism, and populism
Classical Liberalism
primary political value placed on political arrangements that allow for the fullest exercise of political liberty as long as the rights of others are not unreasonably restricted
Social Conservatism
traditional hierarchical social relations, opposes social change
Elections
held every two years (even-numbered), first Tuesday after first Monday in November
Special Elections
fill mid-term vacancies in state legislature, vote on proposed elections to state Constitution, select city council members
Voting Requirements
citizen of U.S., at least 18, registered to vote, resident of Texas for at least 30 days, no convicted felons, must be mentally competent