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Politics of the United States
American Gov't final 2015
Terms in this set (85)
Natural law definition
Modern American political ideology, _____ are ppl who favor extensive gov't involvement in the economy & gov't provision of social searches.
U.S. constitution was drafted in?
refers to the division of governmental powers among the 3 branches of gov't
Separation of powers
An indirect democracy is a system in which?
representatives of the ppl meet to discuss policy & make decisions
Article I. Section 8
congress has the power to make all laws which shall be necessary & proper for carrying forgoing powers
Resolution of the over representation in Congress btw the large & small states called?
The amendment process for the Constitution is set out in Article 5 & provides for a?
two stage process of proposal & ratification
Those who oppose ratification are the?
Powers which the Constitution expressly grants to Congress or the President?
may be defined as absolute power
supreme political authority in a community or state
Ideas of collectivism on separation of powers & checks & balances influence the founding fathers when drafting the constitution.
Democracy is usually attributed to the ancient?
Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government can/not?
can't tax, has trouble reaching a quorum of 9 states, & not allowed to regulate commerce
a form of gov't in which supreme authority
A series of amendments to the Constitution to protect individual liberties that Anti federalists demanded is?
Bill of Rights
Supreme Court power of judicial review is associated with?
Marbury vs. Madison 1803
Full faith and Credit clause is
clause that ensures that judicial decrees & contracts made in 1 state...
Concurrent powers of the states & federal gov't is?
Method by which federal gov't can override state or local law is?
Federalism refers to?
political system in which power is divided btw the national & state govt.'s
power exercised with popular consent
Theme of American Gov't?
(test 2) U.S. Congress is?
______ is redistricting which has been manipulated to blatantly favor one political party?
Congressional ____ of the executive branch includes inquires into how an agency or dept is enforcing the law & spending federal money.
Each member of the House represents?
approx 700,000 ppl
What % of bills become law?
______ jurisdiction is the power of court to hear or try a case for first time?
_____ are individuals or groups that are not parties to an appeal but not allowed to address in court b/c they have an interest in the outcome of the case?
Present Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court is?
Rule of Four determines what?
whether the Supreme Court will grant certiorari
______ are the congressional leaders who count votes and line up members on partisan issues?
____ is the belief that judges should use their powers freely to bring about liberally,equality & justice?
Dissenting opinion disagrees with both?
the decision & the reasoning of the majority
_________ is responsible for providing economic estimates to Congress?
Congressional Budget Office
A _____ is assigned to each bill in the House, governing the date & time it will the time allowed for debate & whether amendments can be offered?
______ is prior judicial decision that serves as a standard for determining subsequent cases of a similar nature?
The basic three tired structure of the federal court system was established by the?
Judiciary Act of 1789
A senator may signal her displeasure with nomination or bill by playing a what on it?
In the Thornton case (1995), the Supreme Court held state _____ laws were unconstitutional?
Senatorial courtesy refers to the practice of the president generally allowing a senator to choose the ____ court judges for the state he/she represent?
_____ is the power of a court to review a lower court decision for error?
Appeals to the Supreme Court by the U.S. gov't are overseen by the ?
(test 3) The enumerated powers of the president are found in ?
A vote of _____ electors is needed to win the presidency?
Under the ____ Amendment, the president & VP are voted on separately?
One way a president checks the power of the judiciary is by?
appointing federal judges
The president has the power to appoint all the following except?
The presidents most direct check on congressional power is the ?
______ is the only President who had been appointed VP pursuant to the XXVth Amendment?
Formal agreements btw the U.S. & another gov't which require the "advice & consent" of the Senate are called?
The White House staff?
deprives its power from personal relationships with the president & may have no legal authority
The firing of public office holders of a defeated political party & their replacement with loyalists of the victorious political party was called?
Who were the presidents that have been impeached?
Andrew Johnson & Bill Clinton
_______is the process by which a law or policy is put into operation by the bureaucracy?
In 1883, the Pendleton Act set the federal?
Civil Service System
The Hatch Act was enacted in 1939 to?
prohibit federal employees from becoming involved in political campaigns
In Clinton vs. NY (1998) the Supreme Court held that a statuary?
line item veto
Current U.S secretory of state is?
The 4th Branch problem involves violations of the principle of?
Separation of the Powers
(test 4) Personal rights or freedom which the gov't is not allowed to abridge by law constitution or judicial decision are?
In _____ (1883) the U.S Supreme court held that Bill of Rights limited only power of the federal gov't?
Barron vs. Baltimore
The Sup. Court held that the prosecutor exclusion of jurors on the basis of race deprived the defendent of a fair & impartial jury in?
Boston vs. KY
________ (2010), the U.S Sup. Court held that the personal right to bear arms should be applies to state & local gov't under the Incorporation Doctrine?
McDonald vs. Chicago
Equal protection clause is found in what Amendment?
The Religion clauses are found in the what Amendment?
The Sump. Court uses the _____ doctrine to apply previsions of the Bill of Rights to state gov't?
The right to keep & bear arms is protected by the?
The Expression Clauses are found in the?
The right to counsel in criminal cases is protected by the ?
The typical 12 person bodies which decide disputed facts in pst criminal & civil cases are called?
The Sump. Court held that the Free Exercise Clause protects which of the practices?
not attending school after a given age
Protection against cruel & unusual punishment is found in which Amendment?
In ________ (2005) the U.S. Sup Court held that application of the death penalty violated the Constitutional prohibition against 'cruel & unusual punishment' is?
Roper vs. Simmons
In Equal Protection cases utilizing a 'strict scrutiny' standard of review, the government interest must be?
In Mapp vs. Ohio (1961) the Supreme Court applied the _____ illegally seized evidence cannot be used at trial, to the states?
_____ was a Supreme Court justice who has served as a lawyer of the plaintiffs in the 'Brown' case?
_______, the U.S Sup. Court held that right ...sexuals to engage in consensual acts of sodomy?
Lawrence vs. Texas (2003)
In ____ the U.S. Sup. Court held that states must always appoint counsel to represent indigent defendants in felony prosecutions?
Gideon vs. Wainwright (1963)
In ______ the U.S Supreme Court held that the University of Michigan's law school's affirmative action policy for admission did not violate the equal protection clause?
Grutter vs. Bollinger (2005)
The Supreme Court has repeated held that ______ is protected by the First Amendment?
In ______(1969) the U.S. Sup. Court held that the gov't can only punish illegal or violent behavior if it is intended and likely to incite imminent lawless action?
Brandenburg vs. Ohio
In ______ (1989) the U.S. Supreme Court held that flag burning protected under the Free Speech Clause?
Texas vs. Johnson
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