AP US History People to Know Chapter 14
Terms in this set (11)
John Jacob Astor (1763-1848)
German-born fur trader and New York real estate speculator, who amassed an estate of $30 million by the time of his death.
DeWitt Clinton (1769-1828)
Governor of New York state and promoter of the Erie Canal, which linked the Hudson River to the Great Lakes. "Clinton's Big Ditch", as the canal was called, transformed upstate New York into a center of industry and gave rise to the Midwestern cities of Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago.
John Deere (1804-1886)
Inventor of the steel plow, which revolutionized farming in the Midwest, where fragile wooden plows had failed to break through the thick soil.
Cyrus Field (1819-1892)
Promoter of the first transatlantic cable which linked Ireland and Newfoundland in 1854. After the first cable went dead, He lobbied for a heavier cable, which was finally laid in 1866.
Robert Fulton (1765-1815)
Pennsylvania-born painter-engineer, who constructed the first operating steam boat, the Clermont, in 1807.
Elias Howe (1819-1867)
Massachusetts-born inventor of the sewing machine. Unable to convince American manufacturers to adopt his invention, he briefly moved to England before returning to the United States to find his sewing machine popularized by Isaac Singer. He won a patent infringement suit against Singer in 1854 and continued to produce sewing machines until his death.
Cyrus McCormick (1809-1885)
Inventor of the McCormick mower-reaper, a horse-drawn contraption that fueled the development of large-scale agriculture in the trans-Allegheny West.
Samuel F. B. Morse (1791-1872)
Inventor of the telegraph and the telegraphic code that bears his name. He led the effort to connect Washington and Baltimore by telegraph and transmitted the first long-distance message—"What hath God wrought"—in May of 1844.
Isaac Singer (1811-1875)
American inventor and manufacturer, who made his fortune by improving on Elias Howe's sewing machine. His machine fueled the ready-made clothing industry in New England.
Samuel Slater (1768-1835)
British-born mechanic and father of the American "Factory System", establishing textile mills throughout New England.
Eli Whitney (1765-1825)
Great American inventor, best known for his Cotton Gin, which revolutionized the Southern economy. Whitney also pioneered the use of interchangeable parts in the production of muskets.