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Colonial Virginia Test
Terms in this set (44)
a crop that is grown to sell for money rather than for use by the growers
What was the primary source of wealth in Virginia?
The most profitable agricultural product in Virginia was:
Tobacco was sold in England as what?
a cash crop
On what did the successful planting of tobacco depend?
steady and inexpensive labor
Who was brought to the colony against their will to work as slaves on the plantations?
African men, women, and children
Who became dependent on slave labor?
The Virginia Colony
For how long did the dependence on slave labor in the Virginia Colony last?
For a long time.
Whenever people settle an area, they change the culture and landscape to reflect what things?
their beliefs, customs, and architecture.
Examples of Architecture that Reflect Different Cultures
barns, homes, churches
Some cities in Virginia get their names from different cultures. Richmond gets its name from which culture?
Some cities in Virginia get their names from different cultures. Roanoke gets its name from which culture?
Which cultural group settled in Tidewater and Piedmont regions?
English and African
Which cultural group settled in Shanendoah Valley along migration route?
German and Scots-Irish
Which cultural group settled all throughout Virginia usually near waterways?
What caused people to adapt old customs to their new environment?
migration and living in new areas
The culture of Virginia reflects which three groups of people?
American Indian, African and European
The capital of Virginia was moved from Jamestown to where?
Why did the capital move from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
unhealthy living conditions caused disease, drinking water contaminated by salt water, fire destroyed wooden and brick buildings in Jamestown
To where was the capital moved from Williamsburg?
Why did the capital move fromWilliamsburg to Richmond?
Richmond more centrally located, population was moving westward, easily defended from attack by British
a medium of exchange (currency which includes paper bills and coins)
trading / exchanging of goods and services without the use of money
buying a good or service now and paying for it later
a good or service owed to another
money put away to save or to spend at a later time
Did a lot of people have paper money or coins to buy goods and services?
What was used instead of currency?
Colonial Virginia had no banks (true or false)
People living in colonial Virginia depended on what three things to produce the goods and services they needed?
(1) natural, (2) human, and (3) capital resources
Examples of Natural Resources
herds of deer, lumber from trees, fish from streams
Examples of Human Resources
milking a cow, sheering a sheep, building a house
Examples of Capital Resources
hammer, plow, ax
True or False Food choices were plentiful.
False they were limited
Meals were made up of what two things?
local meats and produce
Most people lived in what kind of houses?
one room houses with dirt floors
What kind of people lived in large houses?
Who made clothes?
People made their own clothes.
Most clothing was made from:
cotton, wool and leather
These Virginians were very rich and lived in large homes. They had many slaves and servants.
Most white Virginians made a living from their land. They lived in one room houses with dirt floors.
Enslaved African Americans
Most worked in tobacco fields, harvested crops and handled livestock. They had no rights and no chance to make a better life.
Free African Americans
Some owned their own businesses or property. They were still denied most rights and could not vote or testify in court.
Where do different peoples settle in VA? Use the map on the other side to describe.
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A-Team December 8, 2016