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5th Grade Science Goal 3- Weather EOG Study Guide - Gorton

Water Cycle

The constant circulation of water between atmosphere, land, and sea by evaporation, precipitation, and percolation through soils and rocks


The formation of rain, snow, or hail from moisture in the air


A process in which something is changed from a liquid to a vapor without its temperature reaching boiling point


Tiny drops of water that form on a cold surface such as a window when warmer air comes into contact with it


To lose water vapor from a plant's surface or to give off water vapor through the pores of the skin


Water held underground in soil or permeable rock, often feeding springs and wells


Water from rain, snow melt or irrigation that flows over the land surface and is not absorbed into the ground, instead flowing into streams or other surface waters or land depressions

Name 6 stages of the Water Cycle

1. Precipitation
2. Evaporation
3. Condensation
4. Transpiration
5. Groundwater
6. Run-off


The heat of something measured on a scale such as the Fahrenheit or Celsius scale


Air moving through the atmosphere at a speed fast enough to be noticed

Air Pressure

The downward pressure exerted by the weight of the overlying atmosphere

Land Breeze

The breeze that blows from the land toward the sea after sunset

Convection or Convection Cells

A loop of moving fluid (such as air or water) in which the motion results from differences in density caused by differences in temperature

Global Wind Patterns

Winds that blow from the poles, in which they act as a heat transfer system.
Global winds are due to the unequal heating of earth's surface

Global Wind Patterns - 3 types

Trade Winds

Trade Winds

A prevailing tropical wind that blows toward the equator from the northeast in the northern hemisphere or from the southeast in the southern hemisphere. The trade winds are major components of the global weather system


A wind that blows from the east


A wind that blows from the west

Coriolis Effect * Bonus

Deflection relative to Earth caused by Earth's rotation beneath the object. The deflection is to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere


High-altitude wispy cloud: a thin wispy cloud, occurring as narrow bands of tiny ice particles, that forms at the highest and coldest point of the cloud region


Thunder cloud: a tall dark cumulus cloud in the shape of an anvil, often bringing thunderstorms


Large fluffy cloud: a large white or gray cloud with a flat base and a rounded fluffy top, or a mass of such clouds, developing as a result of rising hot air currents


Flat cloud formation: a low-lying flat gray cloud formation


Meaning low altitude


Meaning high altitude


Meaning middle altitude

What goal is next?

Goal 4- Forces and Motion EOG Study Guide

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