5th Grade Science Goal 3- Weather EOG Study Guide - Gorton

5th Grade Science Goal 3- Weather EOG Study Guide - Gorton
Water Cycle
The constant circulation of water between atmosphere, land, and sea by evaporation, precipitation, and percolation through soils and rocks
The formation of rain, snow, or hail from moisture in the air
A process in which something is changed from a liquid to a vapor without its temperature reaching boiling point
Tiny drops of water that form on a cold surface such as a window when warmer air comes into contact with it
To lose water vapor from a plant's surface or to give off water vapor through the pores of the skin
Water held underground in soil or permeable rock, often feeding springs and wells
Water from rain, snow melt or irrigation that flows over the land surface and is not absorbed into the ground, instead flowing into streams or other surface waters or land depressions
Name 6 stages of the Water Cycle
1. Precipitation
2. Evaporation
3. Condensation
4. Transpiration
5. Groundwater
6. Run-off
The heat of something measured on a scale such as the Fahrenheit or Celsius scale
Air moving through the atmosphere at a speed fast enough to be noticed
Air Pressure
The downward pressure exerted by the weight of the overlying atmosphere
Land Breeze
The breeze that blows from the land toward the sea after sunset
Convection or Convection Cells
A loop of moving fluid (such as air or water) in which the motion results from differences in density caused by differences in temperature
Global Wind Patterns
Winds that blow from the poles, in which they act as a heat transfer system.
Global winds are due to the unequal heating of earth's surface
Global Wind Patterns - 3 types
Trade Winds
Trade Winds
A prevailing tropical wind that blows toward the equator from the northeast in the northern hemisphere or from the southeast in the southern hemisphere. The trade winds are major components of the global weather system
A wind that blows from the east
A wind that blows from the west
Coriolis Effect * Bonus
Deflection relative to Earth caused by Earth's rotation beneath the object. The deflection is to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere
High-altitude wispy cloud: a thin wispy cloud, occurring as narrow bands of tiny ice particles, that forms at the highest and coldest point of the cloud region
Thunder cloud: a tall dark cumulus cloud in the shape of an anvil, often bringing thunderstorms
Large fluffy cloud: a large white or gray cloud with a flat base and a rounded fluffy top, or a mass of such clouds, developing as a result of rising hot air currents
Flat cloud formation: a low-lying flat gray cloud formation
Meaning low altitude
Meaning high altitude
Meaning middle altitude
What goal is next?
Goal 4- Forces and Motion EOG Study Guide