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5th Grade Science Goal 3- Weather EOG Study Guide - Gorton

5th Grade Science Goal 3- Weather EOG Study Guide - Gorton
STUDY
PLAY
Water Cycle
The constant circulation of water between atmosphere, land, and sea by evaporation, precipitation, and percolation through soils and rocks
Precipitation
The formation of rain, snow, or hail from moisture in the air
Evaporation
A process in which something is changed from a liquid to a vapor without its temperature reaching boiling point
Condensation
Tiny drops of water that form on a cold surface such as a window when warmer air comes into contact with it
Transpiration
To lose water vapor from a plant's surface or to give off water vapor through the pores of the skin
Groundwater
Water held underground in soil or permeable rock, often feeding springs and wells
Run-off
Water from rain, snow melt or irrigation that flows over the land surface and is not absorbed into the ground, instead flowing into streams or other surface waters or land depressions
Name 6 stages of the Water Cycle
1. Precipitation
2. Evaporation
3. Condensation
4. Transpiration
5. Groundwater
6. Run-off
Temperature
The heat of something measured on a scale such as the Fahrenheit or Celsius scale
Wind
Air moving through the atmosphere at a speed fast enough to be noticed
Air Pressure
The downward pressure exerted by the weight of the overlying atmosphere
Land Breeze
The breeze that blows from the land toward the sea after sunset
Convection or Convection Cells
A loop of moving fluid (such as air or water) in which the motion results from differences in density caused by differences in temperature
Global Wind Patterns
Winds that blow from the poles, in which they act as a heat transfer system.
Global winds are due to the unequal heating of earth's surface
Global Wind Patterns - 3 types
Trade Winds
Easterlies
Westerlies
Trade Winds
A prevailing tropical wind that blows toward the equator from the northeast in the northern hemisphere or from the southeast in the southern hemisphere. The trade winds are major components of the global weather system
Easterlies
A wind that blows from the east
Westerlies
A wind that blows from the west
Coriolis Effect * Bonus
Deflection relative to Earth caused by Earth's rotation beneath the object. The deflection is to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere
Cirrus
High-altitude wispy cloud: a thin wispy cloud, occurring as narrow bands of tiny ice particles, that forms at the highest and coldest point of the cloud region
Cumulonimbus
Thunder cloud: a tall dark cumulus cloud in the shape of an anvil, often bringing thunderstorms
Cumulus
Large fluffy cloud: a large white or gray cloud with a flat base and a rounded fluffy top, or a mass of such clouds, developing as a result of rising hot air currents
Stratus
Flat cloud formation: a low-lying flat gray cloud formation
Strato-
Meaning low altitude
Cirro-
Meaning high altitude
Alto-
Meaning middle altitude
What goal is next?
Goal 4- Forces and Motion EOG Study Guide