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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) Side Effects
  2. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Side Effects
  3. Licorice root extract
  4. Echinacea (purpura, angustifolia)
  5. Evening Primrose Oil (Oenothera biennis) Side Effects
  1. a Treatment of early colds, or topically for psoriasis, eczema and burns
  2. b CNS depression and arrhythmia at toxic doses
    Anti-platelet effects may increase bleeding (might want to stop taking it 2 weeks prior to dental procedure)
    -Generally safe
  3. c topically: photosensitivity; oral: can cause mania in patients with bipolar disorder, exacerbate psychosis in schizophrenia, serotonin syndrome in combination with SSRIs; oral: may have MAO-I activity, so avoid tyramine-containing foods (processed meat, red wine, aged cheese, avocados, soy)
  4. d May reduce growth of canker sores
  5. e GI upset, headache

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Aloe LATEX or "drug aloe" comes from the glands in the leaf surface and has strong laxative properties, leading to side effects including severe abdominal cramping and fluid loss and is not recommended.
  2. Available without a prescription
    Cheaper
    Self-diagnosis and self-prescribing (control over disease + treatment)
    Perceived to have fewer side effects, no lethal effects
    Lack of health insurance
    Cultural influences
    Other options have not worked
    Strong advertising - enhanced immune function, easy weight loss, etc.
    Perceived as "natural, safer, and healthier"
  3. St. John's Wort
    Garlic
    Ginkgo
    Ginger
    Ginseng
    Glucosamine
    Echinacea
    Kava
    Valerian
    Black Cohosh
  4. osteoarthritis, often in combo with chrondroitin
  5. very few, mostly GI

5 True/False questions

  1. Ginseng (American or Asian (Panax) ginseng)Increasing stamina, regulating glucose, aphrodisiac

          

  2. Aloe (Aloe vera or Aloe barbadenis)Aloe LATEX or "drug aloe" comes from the glands in the leaf surface and has strong laxative properties, leading to side effects including severe abdominal cramping and fluid loss and is not recommended.

          

  3. St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)Uses: depression
    One of the most frequently used herbal supplements

          

  4. Herds Important to Dental Surgery: AnticoagulantsDiscontinue before anesthesia:
    Clove oil
    Ginger
    Chamomile
    Kava
    Passion Flower
    Valerian Root

          

  5. Kava (Piper methysticum)anxiety, improve sleep
    (Don't mix with things that will cause CNS depression)