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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Glucosamine sulfate Side Effects
  2. Clove Oil Side Effects
  3. Glucosamine sulfate
  4. Ginseng (American or Asian (Panax) ginseng) Side Effects
  5. Evening Primrose Oil (Oenothera biennis)
  1. a potential effects on coagulation, do not use in patients taking anti-coagulants, MAO-Is, antipsychotics and hypoglycemics. Not recommended in pregnancy. Risk of serotonin syndrome.

    Discontinue 7 days before general anesthesia
  2. b very few, mostly GI
  3. c osteoarthritis, often in combo with chrondroitin
  4. d -Periodontitis: weak evidence
    -Eczema: modest benefits
    -Cardiovascular: limited data appears supportive
    -PMS: no likely effect
    -Menopause: no effect
    -Peripheral Neuropathy: benefited patients with well-controlled diabetes
  5. e Small ulcers when applied to gums; in large doses or if injected can cause liver failure, CNS and respiratory depression (lethal dose = 3.8 g/kg)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Clove oil
    Licorice root extract
    Evening primrose oil
    Coenzyme Q10
  2. anxiety, improve sleep
    (Don't mix with things that will cause CNS depression)
  3. St. John's Wort
    Black Cohosh
  4. sleep, reduces nervousness, stress, anxiety
  5. headache, excitability, cardiac disturbanes, fatigue, blurry vision, grogginess

    Due to CNS depression, do not use with general anesthetics, benzodiazepines, non-benzo sedatives, barbiturates, opioids

5 True/False questions

  1. St. John's Wort Drug InteractionsUses: depression
    One of the most frequently used herbal supplements


  2. Licorice root extractMay reduce growth of canker sores


  3. Echinacea (purpura, angustifolia) Side EffectsHypersensitivity especially in people with severe allergies or allergic to daisies, including ragweed. Do not use in patients taking immunosuppressants or with auto-immune dx, HIV, TB


  4. Black CohoshUse: topically for dental pain
    -Shown to have similar efficacy to benzocaine
    -Dip a cotton swab in the clove oil and apply it to the exposed part of the tooth
    -Avoid tongue due to unpleasant taste
    -Also used for flavoring, cough, sore throat, skin infections (acne, warts, scars)


  5. Aloe (Aloe vera or Aloe barbadenis)Aloe LATEX or "drug aloe" comes from the glands in the leaf surface and has strong laxative properties, leading to side effects including severe abdominal cramping and fluid loss and is not recommended.