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CMS1 Assignment 8: Employee Safety and Health

Terms in this set (42)

OSHA obtains compliance with its standards in several ways. It has the authority to conduct workplace inspections, to issue citations and to impose penalties in the form of fines upon employers. Additionally, OSHA provides a free on-site consultation service to help firms identify hazardous conditions and determine corrective measures. The consultative service does not involve any citation actions. (However, employers must agree to eliminate any hazardous conditions that the consultants warn could result in death or serious physical harm.) OSHA also is involved with voluntary, cooperative relationships among employers,
employees and unions. There are four specific cooperative programs—alliances, strategic partnerships, voluntary protection programs, and the Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP). Alliances enable organizations to collaborate with OSHA to prevent injuries and illnesses in the
workplace. Strategic partnerships are long-term agreements between employers and OSHA aimed at reducing serious workplace hazards and achieving a high level of worker safety and health. Voluntary protection programs (VPPs) are designed to extend worker protection beyond the minimum OSHA standards. VPPs are designed to give recognition to those who have successful and comprehensive safety and health programs, motivate others to achieve
excellent safety and health results, and establish a cooperative relationship among employers and OSHA. SHARP provides recognition to small businesses that demonstrate exemplary achievement in workplace safety and health.