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How far does the abdomen extend?

from diaphragm to pubis
also: contains multiple organs related to various systems

How many quadrants/regions is the abdomen divided into?

4 quadrants/9 regions (of which we use 3)

Where is the spleen and how big is it?

from 9th to 11th rib lateral to LMAL (about 7 cm in size)


retroperitoneal at costovertebral angle

Organs of the Alimentary System

esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum anal canal

Accessory Organs of the Alimentary System

liver, gallbladder, pancreas

Functions of the Alimentary System

digest food, absorb nutrients, electrolyte and water, and eliminate solid waste

Other Organs in the Abdominal Cavity

Spleen, urinary tract organs (kidneys, ureters, bladder)

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