Health Assessment #3
How far does the abdomen extend?
from diaphragm to pubis
also: contains multiple organs related to various systems
How many quadrants/regions is the abdomen divided into?
4 quadrants/9 regions (of which we use 3)
Where is the spleen and how big is it?
from 9th to 11th rib lateral to LMAL (about 7 cm in size)
retroperitoneal at costovertebral angle
Organs of the Alimentary System
esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum anal canal
Accessory Organs of the Alimentary System
liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Functions of the Alimentary System
digest food, absorb nutrients, electrolyte and water, and eliminate solid waste
Other Organs in the Abdominal Cavity
Spleen, urinary tract organs (kidneys, ureters, bladder)