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Roman Government w/Holman & Armstrong
Terms in this set (26)
A government that is not controlled by a KING.
Today, usually refers to a form of government based on written laws (civil Law) and where citizens hold the power to elect their leaders (representative democracy) .
This is a form of government were officials are elected to speak on citizens behalf. Form of Government the United States uses today.
Person who headed the Roman Republic (Rome had two Consuls who divided power between them--So one could not get to powerful). They commanded the army, had the power to veto bills, and could appoint people into government positions.
Elected officials who spoke for the plebeian concerns and to the Roman Republic. They also had the power to veto bills presented by other groups.
A type of government that has three parts: In the United States, they are called legislative (make laws), Executive (carry out law) and Judicial (interprets law)
Roman Republic government officials who "...interpreted the law and served as judges in court" Kinda like our courts. (McGraw-Hill 2013)
To determine what a written law means.
Action of denying a bill from becoming a law. "Stops the bill from becoming law"--In the United States the President has this power in Rome the Consul.
Checks and Balances
Separation of power preventing one group, within a government from becoming too powerful. Example: President can "VETO" and bill passed by Congress.
Members of the United States legislative branch. They write laws, control funding, take care of public buildings and declare war for the United States. Congress is made up of two houses (two parts): Senate and House of Representatives.
The body of government in ancient Rome who wrote laws, controlled funding and took care of public buildings. Made up of Patricians (300-600)
The head of the United States Executive branch. This person has the power to veto or sign bills, acts as commander in chief, appoints government officials, and runs the daily needs of the United States government.
The head court in the United States that has final say when interpreting the law.
Where laws for the United States are written down.
Lower class citizens of ancient Rome. They made up roughly 90% of the population.
Upper-class citizens of ancient Rome. They made up roughly 5% of Rome's population
Rome's marketplace where the Twelve Tables were posted and where the politicians met during the years of the Republic to make decisions--Where is the in USA?
People who are elected by citizens to run the government on their behalf.
A type of government that is run by a single ruler, typically a king or queen. Power is handed down from one generation to another.
A type of government that is run by a religious leader.
A type of Democracy where all citizens vote on the decisions that the government has to make. Also called "true" "Pure" or "Athenian" Democracy.
Conflict of the Orders
A political struggle between the Plebeians and Patricians over political rights. Plebeians are given more rights. (wikipedia)
Refers to the people of a country having a responsibility to help make the city or country successful. Being involved, learning about events and paying attention to society events: Voting.
Written law that outlines the rights and responsibilities of the citizens and the government. Ancient Rome's version was called the Twelve Tables the Unites States version is called the Constitution.
One of the three branches of government in Ancient Rome. This group was made up of the common people. They were responsible for electing political officials and approving laws.
One of the three branches of government in Ancient Rome. Members of this branch were elected by the citizens of Rome, the most powerful people in this branch were the consuls.
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