inflammation and enlargement of the parotid glans accompanied by moderate fever, malaise and extreme pain in the throat.
Root canal therapy
multistep procedure in which all traces of pulp tissue are removed from the pulp cavity and root canals of a badly diseased tooth.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
lower esophageal sphincter fails to close adequately after food has entered the stomach, the stomach contants can reflux (back up) into the inferior portion of the esophagus.
hydrochloric acid from the stomach contents can irritate the esophageal wall, resulting in a burning sensation.
the smooth muscle fibers of the sphincter fail to relax normally, so food does not pass easily from the stomach to the small intestine, the stomach becomes overly full, and the infant vomits to relieve the pressure.
associated with heavy alcohol intake. The pancreatic cells may release either trypsin instead of trypsinogen or insufficient amounts of trypsin inhibitor, and the trypsin begins to digest the pancreatic cells.
affects people over the age of 50 and males more frequently. Cancer of the Pancreas
yellowish coloration of the sclerae, skin, and mucous membranes due to a buildup of a yellow compound called bilirubin.
Liver function tests
blood tests designed to determine the presence of certain chemicals released by liver cells.
cholesterol that crystalizes because bile contains either infsufficient bile salts or lecithin or excessive cholesterol.
undigested lactose in chyme casues fluid to be retained in the feces; bacterial fermantation of the undigested lactose results in the production of gases.
indigestible plant carbohydrates, such as cellulose, lignin, and pectin-found in fruits vegetables, grains and beans
does not disolve in water, passes through unchanged. Skins of fruit, wheat and corn kernels.
does dissolve in water. Forms a gel that slows the passage of material through the tract. Found in beans, oats, broccoli, apples and citrus fruits.
a condition caused by malfunction of the myenteric plexus in which the lower esophageal sphincter fails to relax normally as food approaches
a surgical procedure that limits the amount of food that can be ingested and absorbed in order to bring about a significant weight loss in obese individuals.
a painful ulser on the mucous membrane of the mouth that affects females more than males.
distorted or scarred liver as a result of chronic inflammation due to hepatitis, chemicals that destroy hepatocytes, parasites that infect the liver, or alcoholism.
the visual examination of the lining of the colon using an elongated, flexible fiber-optic endoscope.
a suden illness caused by ingesting food or drink contaminated by an infectious microbe or toxin
endoscopic examination of the stomach in which the examiner can view the interior of the stomach directly.
inflammation of any part of the gastrointestinal tract in which the inflammation extends from the mucosa through the submucosa, muscularis, and serosa.
inflammation of the mucosa of the colon and rectum, usually accompanied by rectal bleeding.
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
disease of the entire gastrointestinal tract in which a person reacts to stress by developing sysmptoms associated with alternating patterns of diarrhea and constipation.
infectious disease of the gastrointestinal tract that results in loose, urgent bowel movements. Acquired by ingestion of food or water contaminated with fecal matter.
genetic error of protein matabolism characterized by elevated blood levels of the amino acid phenylaline.
dietary intake of a vitamin that exceeds the ability of the body to utilize, store, and excrete the vitamin.
overeating at least twice a week followed by induces vomiting, strict dieting, fasting, vigorous exercise, use of laxitives or diuretics.
core temperature is generally normal, or below and the skin is moist due to profuse perspiration.
caused by exposure to high temperatures , especially when the relative humidity is high., making it difficult for the body to loose heat.
a disorder in which protein intake is deficient despite normal or nearly normal choloric intake.
an imbalance of total caloric intake or inake of specific nutrients, which can be either inadequate or excessive.
a type of protein-calorie undernutrition that results from inadequate intake of both protein and calories.
transfer of a kidney from a donor to a recipient whose kidneys no longer function.
substances that slow renal reabsorption of water and cause elevated urine flow which reduces blood volume.
peritoneum of the abdominal cavity is used as the dialysis membrane to filter the blood.
direct examination fo the mucosa of the urethra and urinary bladder and prostate in males.
common type in females results from the weakness of the deep muscles of the pelvic floor.
most common in older people. Abrupt and intense urge to urinate followed by a involuntary loss of urine.
involunary leakage of small amounts of urine caused by blockage or weak contractions of the urinary bladder.
urine loss resulting from the inability to get to a toilet facility in time as a result of stroke, arthritis or alzheimer disease.
involuntary voiding of urine after the age at which voluntary control has typically been attained.
swelling of the kidney due to dilation of renal pelvis and calyces as a result of an obstruction to the flow of urine.
variety of conditions characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the gingivae, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, and cementum.
a chronic disorder characterized by self-induced weight loss, negative perception of body image, and physiological changes that result from nutritional depletion.
skin becomes warm and the person begins to sweat. Pahse of the fever that indicates that core temperature is falling.
body weight more than 20% above a desired standard due to an excessive accumulation of adipose tissue.
the crystals of salts present in urine occasionally precipitate and solidify into soluble stones
Tract Infection (UTI)
infection of a part of the urinary system or the presence of large number of microbes in the urine.
Chronic Renal Failure (CRF)
procressive and usually irreversible decline in glomerular filtration rate.
Urinary Bladder Cancer
strikes over 50 years of age and is three times more likely to develop in males than females.