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Unit 5 Part 3
Terms in this set (20)
The time period after the Union won the American Civil War, where the United States of America dealt with putting the country back together and figuring out how to handle the end of slavery.
1865 - Agency set up to aid former slaves in adjusting themselves to freedom. It furnished food and clothing to needy blacks and helped them get jobs.
These were a small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.
Ended or abolished slavery.
Free Soil Movement
Opposed extension of blacks into the Northern territory, because they feared competition for jobs would drive down wages.
Landowners divided their land and assigned each head of household a few acres along with season tools. The people farming had to give large portions of their crop to the landowner as payment for staying on the land.
Laws passed in the south just after the civil war aimed at controlling freedmen and enabling plantation owners to exploit african american workers.
Legal separation of races (for example, in schools, bathrooms, or trains).
Reconstruction act of 1867
Divided the former Confederate states into 5 military districts. The states were required to grant African American the vote and to ratify the 14 Amendment to reenter the Union.
Granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
The use of legal means to block any certain group from voting.
A test of someone's ability to read and write that had to be passed before voting; used to keep freedmen and the poor from voting.
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
A tax that had to be paid every time a person voted. Poll taxes were used after the Civil War to prevent free blacks, who often could not afford to pay them, from voting.
One act provided for the federal supervision of elections in Southern states. The other act gave the president the power to use federal troops in areas where the clan was active. These acts were made to curtail the disenfranchisement of black citizens.
This granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States," which included former slaves recently freed. In addition, it forbids states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
Northerners who moved to the South after the war. They got the name from the misconception that they arrived with so few belongings that they carried everything in small traveling bags made of carpet.
White Southerner supporting Reconstruction policies after the Civil War usually for self-interest.
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river.
Jim Crow Laws
The "separate but equal" segregation laws state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 7 Part 1
Unit 7 Part 2
Unit 1: American Colonies Vocabulary Part 2
Unit 8 Part 3
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