60 terms

Sadlier Oxford - Level H, Units 7-9, AP 12

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Terms in this set (...)

Beatitude
(n) a state of perfect happiness or blessedness; a blessing
Bête noire
(n) someone or something that one especially dislikes, dreads, or avoids
Bode
(v) to be an omen of; to indicate by signs
Dank
(adj) unpleasantly damp or wet
Ecumenical
(adj) worldwide or universal in influence or application
Fervid
(adj) burning with enthusiasm or zeal; extremely heated
Fetid
(adj) having an unpleasant or offensive odor
Gargantuan
(adj) of immense size, volume, or capacity; enormous, prodigious
Heyday
(n) period of greatest power, vigor, success, or influence; the prime years
Incubus
(n) a demon or evil spirit supposed to haunt human beings in their bedrooms at night; anything that expresses or weighs upon one, like a nightmare
Infrastructure
(n) a basic foundation or framework; a system of public works; the resources and facilities required for an activity; permanent military installations
Inveigle
(v) to entice, lure, or snare by flattery or artful inducements; to obtain or acquire by artifice
Kudos
(n) the acclaim, prestige, or renown that comes as a result of some action or achievement
Lagniappe
(n) an extra or unexpected gift or gratuity
Prolix
(adj) long-winded and wordy; tending to speak or write in such a way
Protege
(n) someone whose welfare, training, or career is under the patronage of an influential person; someone under the jurisdiction of a foreign country or government
Avatar
(n) an embodiment (as of a concept or philosophy) often in a person; an electronic image that represents and is manipulated by a computer user.
Sycophant
(n) someone who attempts to win favors or advance him - or herself by flattery or servile behavior; a slanderer, defamer
Tautology
(n) needless repetition of an idea by using different but equivalent words; a redundancy
Truckle
(v) to yield or submit tamely or submissively
Aberration
(n) a departure from what is proper, right, expected , or normal; a lapse from a sound mental state
Ad hoc
(adj) for this specific purpose; improvised; (adv) with respect to this
Bane
(n) the source or cause of fatal injury, death, destruction, or ruin; death or ruin itself; poison
Bathos
(n) the intrusion of commonplace or trite material into a context whose tone is lofty or elevated; grossly insincere or exaggerated sentimentality; the lowest phase, nadir; an anticlimax, comedown
Cantankerous
(adj) ill-tempered, quarrelsome; difficult to get along or deal with
Casuistry
(n) the determination of right and wrong in questions of conduct or conscience by the application of general ethical principle; specious argument
De facto
(adj) actually existing or in effect, although not legally required or sanctioned; )adv) in reality, actually
Depredation
(n) the act of preying upon or plundering
Empathy
(n) a sympathetic understanding of or identification with the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of someone or something else
Harbinger
(n) a forerunner, herald; (v) to herald the approach of
Hedonism
(n) the belief that the attainment of pleasure is life's chief aim; devotion to or pursuit of pleasure
Lackluster
(adj) Lacking brilliance or vitality; dull
Malcontent
(adj) disconnected with or in open defiance of prevailing conditions; (n) such a person
Mellifluous
(adj) flowing sweetly or smoothly; honeyed
Nepotism
(n) undue favoritism to or excessively patronage of one's relatives
Pander
(v) to cater to or provide satisfaction for the low tastes or vices of others; (n)a person who does this
Peccadillo
(n) a minor sin or offense; a trifling fault or shortcoming
Piece de resistance
(n) the principle dish of a meal; the principle event, incident, or item; an outstanding accomplishment
Remand
(v) to send or order back; in law, to send back to jail or to a lower court
Syndrome
(n) a group of symptoms or signs that collectively characterize or indicate a disease, disorder, abnormality, etc.
Abeyance
(n) a state of being temporarily inactive, suspended, or set aside
Ambivalent
(adj) having opposite and conflicting feelings about someone or something
Beleaguer
(v) to set upon from all sides; to surround with an army; to trouble, harass
Carte blanche
(n) full freedom or authority to act at one's own discretion
Cataclysm
(n) a sudden, violent, or devatstating upheaval; a surging flood, deluge
Debauch
(v) to corrupt morally, seduce; to indulge in dissipation; (n) an act or occasion of dissipation or vice
Eclat
(n) dazzling or conspicuous success or acclaim; great brilliance (of performance or achievement)
Fastidious
(adj) Overly demanding or hard to please; excessively careful in regard to details; easily disgusted
Gambol
(v) to jump or skip about playfully
Imbue
(v) to soak or stain thoroughly; to fill the mind
Inchoate
(adj) just beginning; not fully shaped or formed
Lampoon
(n) malicious satire; (v) to satirize, ridicule
Malleable
(adj) capable of being formed into different shapes; capable of being altered, adapted, or influenced
Nemesis`
(n) an agent or force inflicting vengeance or punishment; retribution itself; an unbeatable rival
Opt
(v) to make a choice or decision
Philistine
(adj) lacking in, hostile to, or smugly indifferent to cultural and artistic values or refinements; (n) such a person
Picaresque
(adj) involving or characteristic of clever rogues or adventurers
Queasy
(adj) nauseated or uneasy; causing nausea or uneasiness; troubled
Refractory
(adj) stubborn; hard or difficult to manage; not responsive to treatment or cure
Savoir-faire
(n) the ability to say and do the right thing in any situation; social competence
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