Unit 4: The Renaissance & Reformation

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (46)

1. Luther goes to Rome and what he sees (poor people, the pope in full gold armor, clergy involved in prostitution, indulgences, merchandising, etc.) and is upset by it.

2. Goes back home and becomes a doctor of Christianity, soon becomes professor and debates the religion's/Church's rules (against indulgences and relics).

3. A friar, Johnn Tetzel, was selling indulgences to raise money to rebuild St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome.
4. In 1517, Luther posts his 95 theses on the church door at Wittenberg.
-> This began the Reformation and led to the founding of Christian churches that didn't accept the pope's authority. Also, the 95 theses were copied and printed, so Luther's ideas spread.

5. Luther's ideas become increasingly radical and threatened the Pope's position and authority.

6. Luther is excommunicated in 1520 and in 1521, he is declared an outlaw and a heretic.

7. Prince Rederick the Wise of Saxony disobeyed the Holy Roman Emperor and sheltered Luther.

8. When Luther was in hiding, his followers thought he was dead. They radicalized Luther's teachings and started revolting/mobbing the countryside in 1524. Burning churches, killing clergy members, etc.

9. When Luther came out of hiding, he denounced the mobbing peasants for corrupting his work., which turned many against him.

10. Catholic Church declared war on Protestants and won but couldn't bring Protestant Princes back into Church. The Princes would rather choose to be executed than give up their faith.
-> The Peace of Augsburg is signed in 1555 and declared that the religion of each German state was declared by the ruler.