Terms in this set (18)
NASW definition of social work
"Social work is the professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favorable to that goal."
5 central themes of social work
1. Commitment to social betterment
2. Goal to enhance social functioning
3. Action orientation
4. Appreciation for human diversity
5. Versatile practice perspective
Commitment to social betterment
All people should have opportunity for assistance to meet social needs
Goal to enhance social functioning
with other people and institutions
profession of doers
Appreciation for human diversity
value diversity of clients, knowledge, skills, and services
Versatile practice perspective
many practice methods for diverse settings,issues, and clients
Three primary purposes of social work
3. Changing the society
in some situations, caring is the best you can offer
social workers use many counseling skills and techniques to assist clients
Changing the society
lobbying for social reforms, changing negative attitudes
BSW or B.A. in SW. Often called case management or direct practice. Generalists have broad training with variety of methods and skills that can be adapted to work in various systems with a variety of clients. Generalists work from PIE and Systems theory perspectives. Generalists are client centered and problem focused.
MSW-Specific knowledge and skills used in specific practice settings-mental health, gerontology, substance abuse, families, medical SW. Graduate schools offer various specialties.
Micro Social Work
helping individuals, families, and small groups function better within the larger environment
Working to change the larger environment to benefit individuals and families and intervening in communities, organization, and legislative arenas.
Dual focus on Person AND Environment-Social workers look at the person's problem in the social context. They realize individuals' impact society and society impacts individuals. Social workers do not view people's problems without considering the impact of environment.-Social workers focus on transaction between person and their environment and provide interventions at the boundary of person and his/her environment.
Ecological Systems Framework or Theory
Group of separate but interrelated units or elements that form an identifiable whole. Each of the parts interacts in some way and are dependent on each other to create the larger whole. Social workers are most concerned withe social systems. A change in one part of the system will changes in other parts and ultimately the whole system.- When social workers use a systems perspective they look at people in relation to ALL of the systems in their environment that affect them.
This perspective builds on clients' strengths to create positive change. Social workers recognize clients have strengths and work to identify and then use these strengths as building blocks for change.
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