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Chapter 10- Group Influence
Terms in this set (21)
Student is influenced by Situational and Group Factors
-Example: Girl yelled "not nice word"
*Situational factors may have led to the behavior
-sense of support
-group endorses the same attitude
-people coming closer-> she gets louder
Group- Influence the Self
-example: "Tar"- "Heels"
*signals that you are a part of this group
Social Identity Theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979)
- part of the self-concept ("I am a Tar Heel")
- signals to others group membership
Basking in Reflected Glory
-how many students in California wore school apparel after big game (SEE CHART)
In Group Bolstering/ Out Group Derogation
Critical Thinking- "How do people protect their self worth if their team loses a big game?"
-excuses-"refs are bad"
-big win: "We won"/ lost-"They lost."
-ehh we are here for the academics
- look at positive historical instances
Do groups help or hurt individual performances?
Prescense of others on performance?
-tied shoe laces: alone or with people (easy task)
-tied apron behind back: alone or with people (hard task)
*alone- we do the easier task faster
*others present- easy task quicker, takes us longer to complete a difficult task then we are alone
-BETTER AT EASY, WORSE AT HARD when others are around
Drive Arousal Model (Zajone, 1965)
arousal elicits dominant response
Well Learned- Perform Better
New/Novel- Perform Worse
Do groups cause us to make riskier decisions?
RISKY SHIFT (1960-1970s)
-groups make riskier decisions than individuals
*Groups do not Always lead to riskier decisions- missed in these 10 years of the study
Truth- Group Polarization (1970s)
*group polarizes opinion
*members of the group must all start on relatively same mindset
*get more extreme in decisions
-10 minutes later-let's pay to be citizens
Initial Attitude becomes more extreme after group interaction
-poll- does true altruism exist?
-yes: true altruism
-no- no true altruism
How can leaders with entire advisory staff make stupid decisions?
GROUP THINK- info is degraded or not considered-> sub-optimal decisions made
suboptimal decision making due to group
Group Think (See Chart)
1. Strong Group Identity- feel invulnerable
2. Isolation from Outsiders-belief in group process
3. Strong Leader- fear to contract "mindguards"
4. Highly Stressed Group-ability to process info
Group Think Prevention
-Brainstorming: "Improve college students' daily lives"
-Problems with Brainstorming:
-people feel they may be judged--> evaluation
-informational bottleneck- cannot hear everyone's ideas at the same time
Problems with Brainstorming
1. Effort Norms
2. Evaluation Apprehension
3. Coordination Losses
**Solution- Brainstorm individually and then submit ideas
97% baseball, 35% basketball
*individual characteristics and team productivity
*degree of interdependence between members of team
*baseball players positions don't overlap as much
*Degree of Interdependence Members
B=f (P, E)
group outcomes situationally dependent
Actual Productivity= Potential Productivity- Process Loss + Process Gain
Ringelmann (1913)- Social Loafing
-oxen- oxen pulling in teams
-oxen pull less weight when in groups
-people pull rope
-2 people- 95% of their total potential
-3 people- 85% of their max potential
-8 people- 37%
1. Motivation Less- Bigger Group
2. Coordination Loss
-harder to coordinate everyone's at the same time
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