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88 terms

history ww2 test

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weimer republic
name for germanys democratic government which was in power between 1919 and 1933
beerhall putsch
failed nazi attempt to overthrow the Bavarian Government in 1923
great purge
the name for stalin's execution of his political rivals and enemies in which thousands died.
mein kampf
hitlers book written in prison
five year plan
the economic program which sought to create an industrial and invincible soviet union
kellogg-briand treaty
agreement signed by 64 nations which "outlawed" war
Nyc commision
this investigated why the us got into ww1 and concluded that economic motives led us into war.
sieg heil
prohibited munition sales to nations at war and warned us citizens not to travel on the ships of those nations
swastika
this ancient symbol became the symbol of the Nazi Party
aryan
name for the nordic christians who had according to nazi ideology shown themselves to be superior
stimson doctrine
us response to Japan's invasion of Manchuria which said US wouldnt recognize territory gained by force
Reciprocal Trade Agreement
this gave the president the power to reduce or increase tariffs by 50%
isolationism
name of the us policy in the 1930's which tried to limit involvement in international affairs
versailles treaty
hated by germans this agreement forced Germany to assume war guilt, pay reparations, lose land, and disarm
good neighbor policy
us efforts initiated in the 1930's to improve relations with latin american countries
lateran treaty
1929 agreement between the vatican and the fasci di combattiment which increased the latter's power
guernica
picasso painted a mural to commemorate the brutal attack on civilians in this city
gestapo
name for the nazi secret police
haile selassie
his country was invaded in 1934 and annexed by italy in 1936
francisco franco
the fascist leader of spain after receiving military aid from germany and italy
benito mussolini
nicknamed Il Duce i wanted to restore the glories of the roman empire to my country
adolf hitler
Called Der Fuhrer and gained complete power in my country through the Enabling Act
Hermann Goering
second in command to Hitler and the head of the German Air Force Luftwaffe said "hed bomb britain into submission"
Josef Stalin
Leader of the Soviet Union during ww2
charles lindbergh
headed the america first committee which tried to keep america out of european squabbles
rudolf hesse
helped hitler with his book and was a close friend. Party secretarty untill captured and spent rest of the war in prision.
franklin D. Roosevelt
american president elected in 1932
said "december 7th a date which shall live in infamy"
hirohito
emperor of Japan believed to be "god like"
Josef Goebbles
Third Reich Propaganda minister who promoted nazi ideology and created cult of personality
hideki tojo
prime minister of japan
albert speer
hitlers architect and designd building which both intimidated and impressed
henirich himmler
headed both the Gestapo and the SS
Kurt von Schuschnigg
chain smoking austrian chancellor who was forced to capitulate to Hitler
neville Chamberlain
british prime minister who after meeting with Hitler assured Britan that he secured "peace in our time"
Henri Petain
head of the vichy government
wendell willkie
republican presidential candidate in the 1940 election; lost to FDR
charles degualle
head of the free-french government which was headquarted in great britain during the war
william shirer
american journalist stationed in germany wrote Berlin Diary, This Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
winston churchill
british statesman said "great britain and france had to choose between dishonor and war. They choose dishonor, they shall have war."
isoroko yamamoto
mastermind of pearl harbor
battle of the atlantic
undeclared naval battle between us and germany in mid to late 1941
burke-wadsworth act
the anschluss was but one example of this strategy followed by the western democracies in the 1930's
blitzkrieg
aggressive and fast military attack strategy used by germany during ww2
declaration of panama
this created a 300- 1000 mile "safety zone" arounf the americans
munich pact
agreement by which germany gained control of the sudetenland
miracle of dunkirk
name for the evacuation across the english channel of french troops in danger of capture by germans
destroyer deal
agreement by which the us gave GB 50 ships in exchange for military bases
battle of britain
in reference to this military attack churchill said "never in the field of human conflict have so many owed so much to so few"
neutrality act
this was amended so that arms would be sold on a cash and carry basis to nations who were victims of aggression
tripartite pact
mutual defense treaty between germany japan and italy
burke-wadsworth act
created americas first peacetime draft in history
albert einstein
wrote letter to FDR about germanys atomic weapon program resulted in the creation of the OSRD
henry J. Kaiser
company made battleships using the assembly line method
a. philip randolph
head of the brotherhood sleeping car porters; threatened to strike and march on washington
Harry Truman
became president when FDR died; made descion to use atomic bomb
chuichi nagumo
headed the naval task force that attacked pearl harbor
oveta culp hobby
newspaper executive prior to ww2; asked to head and direct the WACS
walter short
army commander of Pearl Harbor, i ordered the planes to be parked wing to wing for easier defense
george marshall
us army chief of staff and supported the creation of the WACS
fred korematsu
refused to comply with internment and took my case to the supreme court
heinrich kesselring
a german general my mission was to block northern italy so the allies didnt cross the alps
karl doenitz
german admiral who commanded the submarine fleets
dwight d. eisenhower
supreme allied commander in the european theater and chief planner of the normandy invasion
victor emmanuel
ordered mussolini's arrest "you are the most hated man in europe"
george patton
great us commander
bernard montgomery
a victor of el alemein commanded all allied forces in the normandy invasion
thomas dewey
nicknamed for the desert fox; designed defense "fortress europa"
omar bradley
served under patton in italy; commanded first us army in d-day
juan pujol garcia
a double agent; code name Garbo
douglas macarthur
supreme allied commander in the pacific "i shall return"
james doolittle
us colonel who led a daring 1942 aerial raid on tokyo
leslie groves
american general who was the organizer of the project to build atomic bomb
j. robert oppenheimer
scientist who directed the los alamos atomic bomb research program
leo szilard
physicist who led opposition to the use of the atomic bomb by gathering 70 signature petition
chester nimitz
admiral of the us pacific naval forces; commander at midway
robert jackson
presided over the tribunal which tried former Nazi officials and military leaders
paul tibbets
flew enola gay over hiroshima
battle of midway
battle which has been called the "turning point"
potsdam conference
last wartime conference which created blueprint for germanys occupation
battle of the coral sea
first battle which was only aircraft fighting
leapfroggin/ island hopping
tatic which secured islands
u.s.s. missouri
sit of the signing of surrender sept 2, 1945
battle of leyte gulf
first pacific theater battle where kamazazis were used
manhattan project
atomic bomb operation code name
yalta conference
post war issues like the fate of eastern europe and the creation of the un were this conferences topic
battle of guadalcanal
first us land offensive in the pacific theater which took place in solomon islands
battle of iwo jima
battle for a strategic 8 square mile island with underground tunnels
nuremberg
site of nazi leaders trial for war crimes