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Terms in this set (83)
There are about 19 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections in the US every year. One in __ Americans will have at least one STI sometime in their life.
Sexual behavior does not cause STIs. The behavior is merely the mode of transmission for _______, _________, and/or ____________ that must be present for the infection to be transmitted. These agents are ______________.
The 3 most common STIs in the US caused by bacteria are ____________, _____________, and ____________.
gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis
In the early stages of ___________ and ____________, most women and men show no symptoms.
If they are not treated, the bacteria that cause these 2 STIs can invade the upper reproductive tract and cause prostatitis adn epidydmitis in men and ________________________in women,
pelvic inflammatory disease PID
_____________ passes through several stages, and if left untreated can cause organ damage and death.
These types of STIs can be cured with antibiotics
caused by bacteria
STIs caused by viruses are generally incurable because the viruses live inside normal body cells. Herpes has been around since biblical times and is spread by direct ________________ contact
skin to skin
After the primary attack, many herpes sufferers experience ___________ attacks when the virus replicates and sheds.
This virus is most easily transmitted during active attacks, but can be transmitted at other times
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the ______ that can be caused by contact with contaminated _______ (which is hep __) or infected ______________ (which is hep __).
blood and body fluids
Warts in the genital and anal areas are caused by a few types of the ________________________.
human papilloma virus (HPV)
AIDS is cause by the _________________________.
Human immunodeficiency virus. (HIV)
HIV invades and destroys _____________, white bloods cells that are a critical part of the body's _________________.
CD4+ also called T helper cells
People with AIDS eventually die from a variety of ___________________.
Without medication, about half of all individuals who become infected with HIV will develop AIDS within ______ years.
HIV originated in Africa from simian immunodeficiency viruses. It is transmitted by ________________ and exposure to infected ________. It is not spread by _____________.
intimate sexual contact
HIV infection is a true pandemic, with at least 120 million cases expected worldwide by the year 2020. Worldwide, most cases are spread by sexual activity between _________________. Presently there is no cure, by there are several antiretroviral drugs that slow the progression of the infection.
men and women
Pubic live and scabies are not really infections but ___________________.
infestations of parasites
___________ attach themselves to pubic hair and feed on blood. ________ us caused by a mite that burrows under the skin to lay it's eggs.
There are three general types of vaginal infections: ____________ is caused by a one-celled protozoan that is transmitted during sexual intercourse. __________ vaginitis is a fungus or yeast infection that is very common in women.
Anything that changes the chemical environment of the vagina can cause a yeast infection. Probably the most common type of vaginal infection is ___________________, caused by several vaginal bacterial that replace H2O producing bacteria.
2 ways to greatly reduce your chances of contracting a STI
1 using condoms properly and consistently
2 abstaining from sexual relations until you are reasonably confident that you are in a long-term monogamous relationship
people who have had a sexually transmitted infection in the past are immune to getting that type of STI again
Cold sores and fever blisters are symptoms of herpes
homosexuality is one of the causes of AIDS
if left untreated gonorrhea can turn into syphilis
yeast infections can usually be prevented by using female hygiene products
a person with a cold sore on the mouth can give his or her partner genital herpes during oral genital sex
gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis are often contracted by people who use toilet seats previously used by infected individuals
chlamydia is more common than gonorrhea
it is possible to contract HIV by hugging, touching, or being close to an infected individual
the large majority of women do not show any symptoms in the early stages of gonorrhea or chlamydia
herpes can be sometimes be cured with antibiotics
a person can only have one type of STI at a time
HIV virus that causes AIDS, is sometimes spread by mosquitoes
PID can be caused by infections that were not contracted during sex
condoms are generally ineffective against HIV
the eggs of pubic lice can survive days on sheets or towels
a person who has no symptoms does no have to worry about having chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis
only women can contract trichomoniasis and monilial infection
herpes can be cured with a drug called acyclovir
HPVs that cause cervical cancer are the same as those that cause warts
regular douching decreases the risk of PID
recurrent herpes attacks are generally more painful, and last longer, than the first primary attack
herpes is the leading infectious cause of blindness in the US
Hep A is most often spread by non-sexual means
worldwide, most cases of HIV infection are contracted by sex between heterosexuals
generally speaking, people who get AIDS this year are those who became infected with HIV 5 to 10 years ago
to minimize their chance of a vaginal infection, women should wear panties made of synthetic fibers
HIV/AIDS can be considered cured when the drug therapy reduces HIV to non-detectable levels
painful, craterlike sores
itchless, painless rash all over the body
secondary stage syphilis
pus-like discharge and/or burning during urination
intense itching caused by grayish, six-legged parasites
Thick, white, cheesy vaginal discharge and intense itching
loss of appetite, fatigue, slow recovery from colds and flus, continual year infections, purple blotches on skin, pneumonia
HIV infection (AIDS)
cauliflower like growths
severe abdominal pain and fever
scabing skin caused by pearly mites
Large, ulcer-like, painless sore.
primary stage syphilis
fluid filled blisteres
copious, foamy, yellowish-green vaginal discharge and odor
wart-like growths that look like small pimples filled with kernels of corn
thin, clear discharge and irritation of the urethra
jaundiced or yellow tinge of skin and eyes
large ulcers (gummas) on the skin and bones; damage to the heart and nervous system
inflammation of the bladder
trichomoniasis, moniliasis, and bacterial vaginosis are all types of ___________
2 serious possible consequences of PID are ________________________________
ectopic pregnancy and infertility
a woman with HPV is at high risk of getting ______________
3 sexually transmitted infection that can be passed from an infected pregnant female to the fetus are _______________________________________.
_________ is the most common thing that brings on recurrent herpes attacks
the bacteria that cause gonorrhea and chlamydia live on
any inflammation of the urethra not caused by gonococcus is called __________________________________
antibiotics commonly lead to ________________ infections
____________ live in the large intestine and can be transmitted during sex, but generally acquired by children through nonsexual means
many people diagnosed with gonorrhea are also found to have ___________
people with HIV are most infectious during the _____________________________________. the most common AIDS test tests for _________________.
first 60 days and late in the infection
Which infections do women usually not have visible symptoms
gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis (internal chancre), HPV, and HIV
Which infections do men usually not show symptoms in the initial stage
HPV and HIV
most common sexually transmitted infection/infestation in the US is ___________
most common STI in the US caused by a bacterium or virus is ______________
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