APWH Unit 2
Terms in this set (71)
Which of the following is true of the Abbasid caliphate?
It presided over the "Golden Age" of Islamic culture.
Judaism, Christianity, ans Islam share which of the following?
Each recognizes the existence of Abraham as the founder of monotheism
According to the religion of Islam, how did Muhammad receive the word of Allah?
Through a vision inside of a cave
Why does the Islamic art usually feature geometric patterns and shapes rather than depictions of living things?
The Qur'an forbids the worship of graven images
A chief characteristic of Islamic states from 1000 to 1400 was
Which of the following is a fundamental belief, or pillar, for all Muslims?
All Muslims should make a holy pilgrimage to the city of Mecca
After Muhammad's death, the Muslim community (umma) began to rule by a caliph who was
both a political and religious leader
Which of the following is a major difference between the classical periods in Rome and the Islamic civilizations?
While Roman society had strict social classes, Islam was more egalitarian with fewer barriers to social mobility
Which of the following cities was the capital of the Abbasid empire?
The split between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims occurred as a result of
disagreements over leadership succession issues
Islamic and Chinese empires in the post classical period (700 C.E-1200 C.E) shared which of the following characteristics?
Extensive urbanization and some maritime trade
Which of the following was a result of the Crusades?
The Crusades helped to open the West to new cultural and economic influences from the Middle East
All of the following were characteristics borrowed by Kievan Russia from the Byzantine Empire EXCEPT
the concept of divine monarchy
A major area of contention between the papacy and secular rulers in the Middle Ages was the
rulers' determination to appoint Church officials in their own kingdoms
A major factor in the spread of Eastern Orthodoxy was
the development of Cyrillic alphabet
The Byzantine Empire achieved which of the following?
The conversion of many Slavic peoples
Which of the following statements about the Code of Hammurabi and the Justinian Code are accurate?
Each attempted to organize laws in ways that people could understand
How were feudalism and manorialism different?
Feudalism was a political system while manorialism was an economic system
What is the most important effect of the Crusades and Islamic expansion on the civilization of Medieval Europe?
The transmittal of Greek and Arab learning
Which of the following was an important factor that helped the eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) survive while the western Roman Empire collapsed?
It had a loyal army, a skilled and complex bureaucracy, and great wealth based on agriculture
Women in medieval Europe
had some legal protections, but their rights often depended on where they lived and their social class.
Monasticism is a characteristic of which of the following religions?
Which of the following did NOT play a role in the Crusades?
The re-established of a Jewish state
What is champa production
Which of the following is NOT considered to be a Chinese invention?
Which of the following is true about Chinese women during Tang and Song rule?
- Women of lower classes tend to be freer from restrictions than those of the upper classes.
-.Neo-Confuciansim reinforced secondary status of women in Chinese society
-The binding of women's feet was practiced more widely
In which of these societies were merchants and traders placed in a lower social class than farmers and artisans?
The most dramatic change in the status of women during the Song dynasty was manifested by
For many years the Chinese enjoyed a virtual monopoly on the production of
Which of the following is an accurate statement about the Heian period in Japan in the 9th century?
The focus of the the Heian period was to differentiate themselves from Chinese influence
One major difference between European and Japanese feudalism during the Middle Ages was that
there were fewer overall agricultural workers in the Japanese feudal system than in the European system
Which of the following statements about neo-Confucianism is NOT correct?
Loyalty to government became more important than loyalty to family
When the shoguns rules Japan,
real power belonged to the "great general"
The concept of the Mandate of Heaven was not important in Japan because
Japanese rulers were a dynastic line from the same family
The shape of the border of then Tang Empire in the map to the left best demonstrates imperial expansion was pursued
by sending ambassadors and merchants west along the Silk Road
Which of the following was the Aztecs principle god that a heart was sacrificed to?
the sun god
How did the Maya MOST differ from other pre-Columbian societies in the Americas?
they developed the concept of zero
One major difference between the Inca and the Aztec civilizations was
the Aztec developed a system of writing while the Inca did not
In South America, where did the fist complex societies develop?
in the Andes mountains
All of the following are true of the major Amerindian civilizations in Central and South America prior to the arrival of Europeans EXCEPT
differentiation of labor
What major features did the Incan civilization have in common
-the Inca were organized into clans
-the Inca practiced animal husbandry
How were Southwest Native Americans different from those in the eastern woodlands?
they were agriculturalists, not hunters-gatherers.
Which of the following most accurately describes the political structure of the Maya from 600 C.E. to 900 C.E.?
Numerous independent warring city-states
Which of the following helps explain the location and architecture of buildings in major Mayan cities such as Tikal?
Astronomical considerings and observations
Which of the following Amerindian civilizations is known for its use of "floating" gardens?
Which of the following is a similarity between the Incan and the Aztec empires?
Both used innovative techniques to dramatically increase agricultural production
The Aztec civilization's militaristic society and use of human sacrifice was based on the earlier culture of the
All of the following statements are accurate about both the Mayan and Aztec civilizations EXCEPT
neither civilization had very advanced technologies or scientific understanding
Which city became Russia's dominant political center under the Mongols?
One advantage of Mongol rule was that
it promoted the spread of ideas and movement of people in Eurasia
The Mongols were skilled in ______, but now in ________.
warfare, nation building
The Emperor Yongle restored commercial links with the Middle East by
exploring maritime connections and encouraging the voyages of Zheng He
The rise of the Mongol Empire contributed to all of the following EXCEPT
the spread of Christianity
Genghis Khan's chief role in the Mongol's history was
to unite the Mongol tribes
Which of the following is an accurate statement about Mongol's cultural adaptation?
the tended to adopt the religions of the people they defeated
The Mongols' economic policy included
maintaining trade along the Silk Road
The adoption of Neoconfucianism by the Ming dynasty during the 14th century was primarily motivated by the
need for competent government administrators
Which of the following territories did the Mongols NOT conquer?
Indian Ocean tied together all of the following areas directly EXCEPT
Which of the following accurately describes India's religious composition in the 1300's?
Islam was forcibly introduced in northern India
Which of the following sites in Africa experienced the greatest fusion of Arab, African, and Indian cultures in the Indian Ocean trading system?
What made Mali such a powerful state in the 1300's
Mali possessed large deposits of gold
Over the period between the 1000's and 1400's, which group seized control of northern India
Which of the following is an accurate statement about slavery in sub-Saharan Africa pre-1600?
slavery was wide spread across Africa and some traders owned thousands of slaves
-did much to spread Islam in places like Africa.
-maintained caravan trade routes in the Sahara.
-played a vital role in Indian Ocean trade
-dominated the East African slave trade
The Coptics were and still a minority of which religion in predominately Islamic Egypt?
In the mid 1300's Mansa Musa created a strong centralized Islamic government in
How were Zimbabwe and Timbuktu MOST alike?
They were both key points in trade networks that extended beyond Africa's borders
Which of the following accurately describes patterns of trade in the Indian Ocean during the 1200's through the early 1400's?
ivory and gold from Africa; cotton and indigo from India; porcelain and silk from China
Which of the following lists three places Ibn Battuta, the 14th century Muslim traveler visited?
India, Mali, and Persia
Which of the following is true of commerce in the Indian Ocean during the time period 1000-1450?
-following the rise of the Mongols during the 13th century, the volume of Indian Ocean commerce fell sharply
-Indian Ocean commerce flourished and was conducted by a mixture of Asian, Middle Eastern, and East African merchants.