36 terms

# Heat Vocabulary

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Absolute Zero
Zero kelvin
Alcohol
Red liquid used in thermometers
Calorie
English unit equal to 4.19 kilojoules
calorimeter
instrument to measure heat
celcius
water freezes at 0 on this scale
condensation
change from a gas to a liquid
conduction
transfer of heat through solids
contract
most substances ____ when cooled
convection
transfer of heat in liquids or gases
delta
sign that means change in
density
at 4 degrees water has its greatest ____
evaporation
change from a liquid to a gas
expand
most substances ___ when heated
Fahrenheit
water boils at 212 degrees on this scale
fusion
for water it is 333kj - heat of
infrared
heat is transferred by these rays
joule
metric unit of work or energy
kelvin
absolute zero is 0 on this scale
mercury
liquid metal used in thermometers
pressure
effects the boiling point of water
transfer of energy by waves of rays
specific heat
heat requires to raise temperature of 1 kj to l Celsius
temperature
indicates average speed of molecules
thermometer
instrument to measure temperature
vaporization
for water it is 2260 kj - heat of
-273
absolute zero on Celsius scale
-459
absolute zero of Fahrenheit
0
water freezes at ____ Celsius
32
water freezes at this ____ Fahrenheit
37
body temperature is ____ Celsius
98.6
body temperature is ____ Fahrenheit
100
water boils at ___ Celsius
212
water boils at ___ Fahrenheit
273
water freezes at ____ kelvin
310
body temperature is ___ kelvin
373
water boils at ____ kelvin