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36 terms

Heat Vocabulary

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Absolute Zero
Zero kelvin
Alcohol
Red liquid used in thermometers
Calorie
English unit equal to 4.19 kilojoules
calorimeter
instrument to measure heat
celcius
water freezes at 0 on this scale
condensation
change from a gas to a liquid
conduction
transfer of heat through solids
contract
most substances ____ when cooled
convection
transfer of heat in liquids or gases
delta
sign that means change in
density
at 4 degrees water has its greatest ____
evaporation
change from a liquid to a gas
expand
most substances ___ when heated
Fahrenheit
water boils at 212 degrees on this scale
fusion
for water it is 333kj - heat of
infrared
heat is transferred by these rays
joule
metric unit of work or energy
kelvin
absolute zero is 0 on this scale
mercury
liquid metal used in thermometers
pressure
effects the boiling point of water
radiation
transfer of energy by waves of rays
specific heat
heat requires to raise temperature of 1 kj to l Celsius
temperature
indicates average speed of molecules
thermometer
instrument to measure temperature
vaporization
for water it is 2260 kj - heat of
-273
absolute zero on Celsius scale
-459
absolute zero of Fahrenheit
0
water freezes at ____ Celsius
32
water freezes at this ____ Fahrenheit
37
body temperature is ____ Celsius
98.6
body temperature is ____ Fahrenheit
100
water boils at ___ Celsius
212
water boils at ___ Fahrenheit
273
water freezes at ____ kelvin
310
body temperature is ___ kelvin
373
water boils at ____ kelvin