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defining love and romantic attraction

factor analysis

a statistical technique for sorting test items or behaviors into conceptually similar groups

passionate love

a state of intense longing for union with another

companionate love

affectionate and tenderness felt for those whose lives are entwined with our own

sociosexual orientation

individual's preference to unrestricted or restricted sex

two-factor theory of love

the theory that love consists of general arousal which is attributed to the presence of an attractive person and labeled as love

need to belong

human need to form and maintain strong, stable relationships

secure base

comfort provided by an attachment figure, which allows the person to venture forth more confidently to explore the environment

secure attachment style

attachments marked by trust that the other person will continue to provide love and support

anxious/ambivalent attachment style

attachments marked by fear of abandonment and the feeling that one's needs are not being met

avoidant attachment style

attachments marked by defensive detachment from the other


a disorder involving the fixed belief that one is loved by another, which persists in the face of strong evidence to the contrary


martial custom in which one man marries one woman


marital custom in which one man marries more than one woman or vice versa


marital arrangement that involves one woman and more than one man


marital arrangement involving one man and more than one wife

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