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Tang Taizong

The founder of the Tang Dynasty, he ruled from 626-649 and expanded China to include the Han lands.

Wu Zhao

The only woman to ever declare herself empress of China, she was a member of the Tang Dynasty and declared herself empress in 690.

Movable Type

Individual characters made of wood or metal that can be arranged to create a job for printing and then used over again.


In China, the class of prosperous families who achieved their prosperity through education and civil service.


Nomads who herded domesticated animals on which they depended for most of their food and traveled a familiar pattern for the best grazing lands.


Kinship or extended Families such as the ones that Mongols organized their society with.

Ghengis Khan

The title of accepted by Temujin khan of the Mongols when he ruled from A.D. 1206 - 1227. This title means "universal ruler." He was the founder of the Mongol Empire.

Pax Mongolia

Also known as the mongol peace. A time when global trade expanded due to the political stability provided by mongol rulers.

Kublai Khan

Grandson of Genghis Khan, and Mongol ruler, he completed the conquest of China and founded the Yuan dynasty.

Marco Polo

A young Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century by traveling the "Silk Road" and served Kublai Khan from A.D. 1254-1324.

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