Chapter 15 Key Terms and People
Terms in this set (32)
"rebirth"; following the middle ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome.
An intellectual movement during the Renaissance that focused on the study of worldly subjects, such as poetry and philosophy, and on human potential and achievements.
Having to do with worldly, as opposed to religious, matters.
Italian diplomat and writer, he wrote The Courtier, one of the most important books of the Renaissance, in which he delineates the rules and correct behavior for the courtier to adopt in order to win favor from a ruler.
Italian political philosopher and statesman; he wrote The Prince, which advised rulers to separate morals from politics. He insisted the ruler should do whatever is necessary to succeed.
Lorenzo de Medici
Florentine ruler, he supported some of the most talented Renaissance artists. He was known for his patronage and liberal mind.
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist; his interests and talents spanned numerous disciplines. He painted Mona Lisa.
Italian Renaissance sculptor, architect, painter, and poet; he sculpted the Pieta and the David, and he painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos, his most famous being The School of Athens.
German inventor and printer, he invented movable type. His first printed publication was a 1282 page Bible.
English dramatist and poet; he is considered one of the greatest dramatists of all time and wrote such works as Romeo and Juliet or Hamlet.
Christine de Pisan
French poet and author; her work The City of Women discusses the role of women in society. She championed the causes of equality and education for women.
Jan Van Eyck
Flemish painter; his paintings focused on landscapes and domestic life and fused the everyday with religious.
A religious movement in the 1500s that split the Christian church in western Europe and led to the establishment of a number of new churches.
German monk whose protests against the Catholic church in 1517(the Ninety Five Theses) led to calls from reform and to movement known as the reformation.
A government ruled by religious leaders who claim God's authority.
French protestant theologian of the Reformation; he founded Calvinism, which was associated with the doctrine of predestination.
The belief that at the beginning of time God decided who would gain salvation.
King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
Declared invalid based on church laws.
Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; a skillful politician and diplomat, she reasserted Protestant supremacy in England.
The Catholic Church's series of reforms in response to the spread of Protestantism in the mid-1500s to the early 1600s.
Member of the Catholic religious order, the Society of Jesus, founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534.
Dutch priest and humanist; he wrote on the need for a pure and simple Christian life. To his regret, his writings fanned the flames of discontent with the Roman Catholic Church.
gnatius of Loyola
I Spanish churchman and founder of the Jesuits; this order of Roman Catholic priests proved an effective force for reviving Catholicism during the Catholic Reformation.
Sir Thomas More
English statesmen and author, he wrote Utopia, which describes an ideal society.
Council of Trent
A meeting of church leaders in the 1500s whose purpose was to clearly define Catholic doctrines from the Catholic Reformation.
Archbishop of Milan from 1560 to 1584; he took steps to implement the reforms ordered by the Council of Trent.
German painter, engraver, and theoretician; he combined Italian Renaissance techniques of realism and perspective with elements unique to the northern Renaissance, such as the use of oils in his paintings.
Pardons issued by the pope of the Roman Catholic Church that could reduce a soul's time in purgatory, they led to corruption.
Francis of Sales
French Roman Catholic leader and preacher; he worked to win back the district of Savoy, in France, from Calvinism.
Teresa of Avila
Spanish Carmelite nun and one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church; she reformed the Carmelite order. Her fervor for the Catholic Church proved inspiring fro many people during the Reformation period.