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theo ch. 5 test
Terms in this set (119)
what does the word "paschal" come from? what does it mean?
comes from "paush", which means passover
what does "paschal" mean?
means "to pass over"
the saving mystery of Jesus' life, suffering, death, and resurrection; related to the Passover
also associated with the Passion and Resurrection Narratives
the fact that Jesus, though Son of God, would have to suffer, die, and be raised in glory
what theological paradox is present in the Messianic Mystery?
death brings new life
T or F: Jesus' words and actions throughout the 3 years were strong and challenging. He was a man of peace, but what he said and did was a threat to religious traditions and political stability
means to go back to the root/ fundamentals
examples proving that Jesus' opinion conflicted with that of people in positions of power:
-Pharisee and Tax Collector
-the way Jesus treated women
-Jesus was not the type of Messiah Jews thought He would be
-unnamed women caught in adultery about to be stoned (all)
examples proving that Jesus made the outcasts of society the cornerstone of His message about God's Kingdom:
-the Good Samaritan
-unnamed women caught in adultery about to be stoned (all)
examples proving that Jesus claimed for Himself a position of authority above that of both religious and political powers of the day
-Jesus claimed to have the power to forgive sins
-Jesus went into Temple and rid of moneychangers
-unnamed woman caught in adultery about to be stoned (all)
what does "passion" mean?
it means to suffer (out of love or sacrifice)
for teaching and witnessing to the truth, Jesus paid a price--His life
which gospels record the last days before the death and resurrection of Jesus
all four gospels
T or F: the accounts are almost identical in the Passion Narratives
F; the details of the accounts have similarities, but also differ
what gospel accounts the last 3 days of Christ's life in greater detail?
John writes in greater detail than the Synoptic gospels
what gospel is most descriptive in the Passion accounts?
Mark (theme of his gospel is Suffering Servant)
from all the accounts, what accounts are the most detailed accounts of Jesus' mission?
the Passion accounts
T or F: the writing style of the Passion accounts is very similar from the Gospels' typical stories and short sayings
F; the writing style is very different
the ________ and __________ of Jesus are at the heart of the Christian story
what is the message of the Passion accounts and what was the audience?
the message is the hope of eternal life; the first followers of the time who endured heavy persecution
why do all four gospels have the passion, death, and resurrection accounts?
because it is the center of our faith (without this Jesus would not be the Messiah)
the event that begins Holy Week/ Passover
Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem/ Palm Sunday
why was Jesus heading to Jerusalem?
all Jews had to be in Jerusalem to celebrate Passover
when Jesus and the disciples approached Jerusalem, why did Jesus tell His disciples to go to the village where they would find a donkey tied there, with her colt?
because it fulfilled the prophesy of Isaiah
why was there a strong Roman military presence in Jerusalem during Passover?
the Romans wanted to make sure no rebellion occurred
why did a large crowd greet Jesus and wave branches as they sang "Hosanna to the Son of David. Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest"?
it was an ancient tradition on how to welcome a king
what does "hosanna" mean?
"God please save me now"
what is the Hebrew tone of "hosanna"?
the tone is one of lamentation (crying out of desperation)
what is the Christian tone of "hosanna"?
the tone is one of joy, praise, and happiness
what two events occurred in the "upper room"?
-where Jesus and the apostles celebrated the Passover meal
-where the apostles hid for 50 days and pentecost occurred
this is the meal the Jews remember the covenant of God through Moses and the Exodus experience
which gospels give a detailed account of the actual last supper meal?
only the synoptics
where in the bible does it mention the 1st Eucharist ever celebrated in the early Church?
in Paul's 1st Letter to the Corinthians
the passover is connected to which plague that God sent to convince Pharaoh to let His people go?
the tenth and final plague
how does the Passover connect to one of the plagues?
-in this plague, the angel of death killed the firstborn of every Egyptian family and livestock; in order to be spared, one had to kill a young lamb (called the Paschal Lamb) and spread its blood over their doorway
-Jesus is the "Paschal Lamb" who's sacrifice saves us all from death
the word "eucharist" comes from a Greek word meaning?
what symbolizes Jesus' life, death, and resurrection?
when the priest prays over the bread and wine the same words of Christ in the Last Supper
technical word for the transforming of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus
what separates catholics from all other christian denominations?
we are receiving Jesus in a real and physical way
what did the synoptics suggest about Jesus during the Last Supper?
-Jesus had His approaching death in mind as He gathered His disciples for the Passover
-Jesus made a real connection between the meal itself and His death on the cross
which gospels agree that Jesus celebrated the Last Supper as a Passover meal, and which gospel situates the meal on the day before the feast?
the synoptics; John
in John's gospel, the death of Jesus is linked to what?
the slaughtering of the lamb (Paschal Lamb)
what gospel does not include the institution of the eucharist?
what gospel is the only gospel to include the washing of the feet?
T or F: in Jesus' time it was the custom that servants or slaves would wash the feet of visitors as a sign of hospitality
what is Jesus' lesson in the washing of His disciples' feet?
-to love another is to be willing to "wash the feet" of another and, to give one's life for another
-love is the heart of the Christian service
which gospel includes a series of Last Supper discourses by Jesus (which are among the most profound passages in the New Testament)?
where does the word "agony" come from?
sweat produced by athletes warming up before the Olympic Games
a mental struggle for victory and extreme bodily suffering
what is symbolic about the location of the Agony in the Garden?
-creation occurred in a garden; Jesus met Mary M in a garden
-symbolically a place where there is love
-symbolizes that Jesus is dying because He loves us
what place is one of the clearest places in scripture that we can see Jesus' human nature?
in Jesus' Agony; because it was a time of sheer human terror and darkness, He knew the time was approaching fast, and He saw the signs that it was coming
what gospel was the only one to mention that Jesus sweat blood? why?
Luke; because he was a doctor
under great emotional stress, tiny capillaries in the sweat glands break; skin becomes frail and tender & person experiences chills
what signs showed that Jesus' persecution and death was coming soon?
-situation in Jerusalem (Jesus' entry into Jerusalem or Palm/Passion Sunday)
-fate of the prophet
-the faithful love of Yahweh
what are the different parts of Jesus' prayer: "Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done."?
Condition: "if you are willing" (if it's possible)
Petition: "take this cup (destiny) from me"
Submission: "yet not my will, but yours be done"
what does Jesus' prayer show?
-Jesus trusted in God the Father's will
-Jesus' free acceptance of His death is CENTRAL to all Christian theology (the fact that Jesus freely gave His life for us)
what was the "reward" for Judas handing in Jesus to the Jewish authorities?
30 pieces of silver (about $1,200)
what gospel is the only gospel to mention the amount of money Judas handed in Jesus for?
according to what gospel(s) is the motive for Judas's betrayal that the devil made him do it?
John and Luke
according to what gospel(s) is the motive for Judas's betrayal to force Jesus into a position where He would have to prove His divinity--because Judas was a Zealot (in this/these gospel(s), he betrays Jesus before being offered money)?
how many accounts are there of Judas's death?
what book in the Bible describes Judas's death as: a remorseful Judas repents, gives back the money, and hangs himself ?
what book in the Bible describes Judas's death as: Judas falls and is disemboweled/removed the guts from :(( ?
what was Judas's main sin?
not trusting in God's love and forgiveness
governing body of the Jewish faith who met as a "court of inquiry" to charge Jesus with blasphemy
proclaiming oneself as God, claiming to have attitudes of God, insulting God's name, showing lack of reverence towards God, or claiming for oneself a dignity due to God alone; punishable by death
high priest who inquired Jesus
when questioning Jesus, Caiphas expected Jesus to say that He was the ___________, but did not expect Jesus to say He was the ___________.
Messiah; Son of God (claiming to be God)
governor of judea
governor of galilee
in which gospel does Pontius Pilate state "I wash my hands of this man's blood"?
an attempt to overthrow and replace the head of government to which one owes allegiance
Jesus was religiously charged with _________ and politically charged with __________.
T or F: Pilate cleansed himself from the guilt he shared in the crucifixion
F; he did not cleanse himself from the guilt because he could have prevented it from happening
what does "golgotha" mean?
what is the greek version of the word "golgotha"?
where was Jesus led to be nailed to the cross?
what was the legal prelude to a crucifixion?
judgment hall where scourging occurred
greek for "general's tent or headquarters"
whips with leather strips that had either bone or metal chips attached to them
what occurred during scourging? and what was the purpose of it?
-men were stripped of their clothing and hands were tied to a post
-back, buttocks, and legs were flogged by 2 soldiers and they would alternate
-the purpose was to weaken the criminal before crucifixion to a state of collapse or death
T or F: even before the scourging, Jesus had tender skin
T; because of hematidrosis that occurred at the agony in the garden
what did the crown of thorns and scarlet cloak do to Jesus?
He had open wounds so they would rip more skin and reopen wounds when they would take off the robe
T or F: the crown of thorns made for Jesus looked like the traditional crown a king or queen would wear
F; it looked more like a helmet
Jesus is physically abused with the scourging and mentally abused with the?
mocking and taunting
what does the word "crucifixion" come from?
latin word "crucifixio"
what does "crucifixion" mean?
it means "fixed to a cross"
what are the purposes of crucifixion?
-to die a slow and very painful death
-be completely humiliated and disrespect the body
-to be out on display to scare people and keep them in order (avoid revolts)
who were the creators of the crucifixion (first to use this method of killing)?
who became the masters of the crucifixion?
unable to breathe right (not breathing in enough oxygen and not breathing out enough carbon dioxide); lungs completely fill with carbon dioxide, causing them to collapse
T or F: you need a cross in order to crucify
who were the only ones to use a cross in crucifixions?
what are the only two things necessary for a crucifixion?
-feet must be dangling
-body must be contorted to make lungs expand out
aside from Jesus' crucifixion, what is the other most famous crucifixion?
describe the first crucifixions
tying people to a post not allowing the feet to touch the floor, or ramming a stake through the person and leaving them
who abolished crucifixion in the Roman Empire out of veneration for Jesus Christ
Emperor Constantine I
method of killing most used in human history; however, only one piece of evidence that was accidentally and recently discovered (nail in a heel bone)
what other times in history was crucifixion used again?
-1597 in Japan
-concentration camps in WW2
-2002 in Africa
a cross with a dead body
what is "corpus" Latin for?
a crucifix minus the dead body
why is there little evidence of the existence of crucifixion?
because human corpse, wood, ropes, and most materials used in a crucifixion deteriorate over time; nails were taken and were worn by people of the time (believed nail would ward off evil spirits) so their remnants have been scattered
what is the only archeological evidence given of a crucifixion?
the remains of a crucified body was accidentally found in an ossuary; nail remained stuck to his heel
upright post of a cross
horizontal crossbar of a cross
T or F: upright posts were permanently set in the crucifixion sites
what happened with the crossbar part of the cross?
criminal would take the crossbar from the scourging site to the crucifixion site; it was placed on nape (back of the neck) and balanced with both shoulders & arms are tied
who helped Jesus carry the cross?
Simon of Cyrene
what are the two different crosses that the Romans introduced?
the Latin cross and the Tau cross
most experts believe Jesus was crucified on which type of cross?
the Tau cross
most common type of cross
this cross was used rarely; it was one piece versus two pieces; was over 300 lbs.
where was Jesus nailed to the cross?
on the wrists
what does the quote "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" refer to?
He is quoting Psalm 22, the song of King David
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