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SOCIOLOGY EXAM 2 part 1.

STUDY
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What might a sociologist say about why an individual chooses a particular person to marry?
This shows that the social world guides human behavior.
Which discipline defines itself as "the systematic study of human society"?
SOCIOLOGY
Peter Berger described using the sociological perspective as seeing the __________in the __________.
general; particular
The pioneering sociologist who studied patterns of suicide in Europe was
Emile Durkheim.
In the United States today, the suicide rate is highest for which of these categories of people?
white males
People in which of the following categories are most likely to make use of the sociological perspective?
gay or disabled persons
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Global understanding is important to college students because eight of ten new U.S. jobs involve international trade.
Which of the following historical changes is NOT one of the factors that stimulated the development of the discipline of sociology?
the founding of the Roman Catholic church
Sociology differs from earlier philosophy by focusing on
how society actually operates
The term "sociology" was coined in 1838 by
Auguste Comte
Why have sociologists not identified "laws of society" that allow us to predict individual human behavior
Because human behavior is both complex and spontaneous.
A statement of how and why specific facts are related is called a
theory
If we state that children raised in single-parent families are at high risk of being single parents themselves, we have constructed a __________ of family life.
theory
What is the term for a basic image of society that guides thinking and research?
theoretical paradigm
Which term is used to describe relatively stable patterns of social behavior?
social structure
Social structures sometimes have negative consequences for the operation of society as a whole. What is the sociological term for these negative consequences?
social dysfunctions
The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as
manifest functions
Unrecognized and unintended consequences of the social structure are called
latent functions
Which question summarizes the focus of the symbolic-interaction paradigm?
How do people experience society?
Science can be defined as
a logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
Sociologists use the term "empirical evidence" to refer to
information people can verify with their senses.
The text defines which of the following terms as "a mental construct that represents some part of the world in a somewhat simplified form"?
a variable
What process involves deciding exactly what is to be measured when assigning value to a variable?
operationalization
wo variables are said to display correlation if
they vary together
The ideal of objectivity means that a researcher
must adopt a stance of personal neutrality toward the outcome of the research.
The method of sociological research best suited to identifying cause-and-effect relationships is
the experiment
Which research method asks subjects to respond to a series of items in a questionnaire or an interview?
survey
According to sociologists, human behavior is the product of "free will." T or F
False
The sociological perspective reveals that people's lives are mostly a result of what they decide to do. T or F
False