S1. The organization will do serious and considerable harm to the public S2. The whistleblower has identified the threat, reported it to her supervisor, and concluded that the superior will do nothing effective S3. The whistleblower has exhausted other internal procedures within the organization S4. The whistleblower has evidence S5. The whistleblower believes that revealing the threat will prevent the harm (see text for complete theory)
Three paradoxes (of standard theory)
The paradox of burden The paradox of missing harm The paradox of failure
Justification for whistleblowing:
The Complicity Theory
C1. What you will reveal derives from your work for an organization C2. You are a voluntary member of that organization C3. You believe that the organization, though legitimate, is engaged in serious moral wrongdoing C4. You believe that your work for that organization will contribute (more or less directly) to the wrong if (but not only if) you do not publicly reveal what you know C5. You are justified in beliefs C3 and C4; and C6. beliefs C3 and C4 are true.
The Dodd-Frank Act of 2010 -Job protection -Anonymity -Bounties
SEC, the Office of the Whistleblower (OWB) -https://www.sec.gov/whistleblower