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Le Morte d'Arthur
Terms in this set (31)
When did Sir Thomas Malory live (time period)? How did he behave throughout his life?
He lives in 1405 to 1471. He was in prison most of his life for assault, stealing cattle, etc.
What inspired Malory to write Le Morte d'Arthur? How did he have access to information? where was the collection likely written?
He was inspired by his own belief in the ideals of knighthood and embittered by the decline of these ideals in the time of civil war. He had access
to information because he was a knight and had access to books. It was also written when he was behind bars.
Who was William Caxton? How is he connected to the Arthurian tales of Malory? Why is the title of the collection a misnomer? What does posthumous publication mean?
he was a man who established the first printing press in England. He gave the work it's name and published it after the author's death. The title of the collection is a misnomer because most of the story is about the life and not the death of King Arthur. it means it was published after the author's death.
What happens between Sir Lancelot and King Arthur BEFORE the last tale begins? Where was King Arthur located with his army when he learned of Mordred's betrayal?
The final chapter occurs after King Arthur finds out that Mordred has betrayed him and taken over Camelot with Guinevere as his wife. Arthur had to return to England from his campaign against Lancelot in France to save his kingdom. Lancelot as a faithful friend, puts their differences aside, and comes to Arthur's aid. Mordred's army numbers in the 100,000 of men. King Arthur and his faithful knights are existed and outnumbered.
Confident he will win regardless of when the battle takes place, Mordred agrees to delay the battle for one month in exchange for Cornwall and Kent, two of the largest regions in England.
On what religious date does the final tale of Le Morte d'Arthur take place? what is significant about this date?
The final tale takes place on Trinity Sunday at night. It is the first Sunday after Pentecost, which celebrates the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, the three Persons of God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Describe King Arthur's dream. How is it a foreshadowing of events to come? List TWO examples of how the dream foreshadows Arthur's demise.
Arthur dreams that he is seated as proper King on raised dais and clothed in gold. However, under the dais is a black lagoon filled with serpents
and beasts. Arthur dreams he falls into the water and torn limb from limb by the serpents. His dream is a FORESHADOWING of his death.
How are Sir Gawain and Mordred related? List THREE similarities and THREE differences in their character or family history.
They are cousins. Like father, like son, they do not trust each other to keep their word about the
bargain. They both order their Knights to be attentive and should they see a sword drawn during the "peace treaty meeting" they are to attack at once. King Arthur is vindictive and blood thirsty. He Espies Mordred mourning the death of his soldiers and decides to kill him right there and
Who accompanies Sir Gawain when he appears to King Arthur in a vision? What are the THREE key points of Sir Gawain's speech in the vision to King Arthur?
A number of women accompany Sir Gawain. Some points of Sir Gawain's speech in the vision to King Arthur was Gawain said that God had sent
him to warn Arthur that he would die if he fought Mordred the next day, he told Arthur to take a treaty for a month from that day, and he said that
in a month Lancelot would come and rescue him and slay Mordred.
What is Arthur willing to give Mordred after listening to Sir Gawain's warning? Which two knights does King Arthur send to speak with Mordred? What does Mordred ask of King Arthur? WHY does he ask for these things/places?
Arthur is willing to give Mordred lands and goods. He sends Sir Lucan the Butler and his brother, Sir Bedivere the Bold, to speak with Mordred.
Mordred asks Cornwall and Kent too. He also makes Arthur promise to make him the legitimate heir after his death. He asks for these places
because they are two of the largest regions in England.
Compare Arthur's army to Mordred's army. Who is more likely to win the battle?
How are King Arthur and Mordred related? List THREE similarities and THREE differences in their character or family history.
Both King Arthur and sir Mordred do not trust each other to keep their word about the bargain. They both order their Knights to be attentive and
should they see a sword drawn during the "peace treaty meeting" they are to attack at once. King Arthur is vindictive and blood thirsty. He Espies
Mordred mourning the death of his soldiers and decides to kill him right there and then. Like a good King, Arthur does not leave the battle field
and fights with his army. He is brave and loyal to his men to the bitter end. His presence inspires his Knights to fight hard and not be afraid.
Mordred also fights alongside his men, like his father Arthur.
Do either King Arthur or Mordred break the parley?
What happens during the parley to start the battle?
How does Sir Gawain's prophesy come to fruition?
As Sir Gawain prophesied in the long dream, at the end of the day-long battle, King Arthur's army is decimated by Mordred. The only two Knights
left alive, but wounded, are Sir Lucin the butler, and his brother Sir Bedivere the Brave.
What are three good qualities Arthur possesses? What are three bad qualities Arthur possesses? DESCRIBE how each of these qualities appears in the final tale of Le Morte d'Arthur.
Arthur does not leave the battle field and fights with his army. He is brave and loyal to his men to the bitter end. His presence inspires his Knights
to fight hard and not be afraid. He does not trust his own family
What does Sir Lucan urge King Arthur to do? Why does he tell Arthur to do this?
Sir Lucan reminds King Arthur of Gawain's message and tells him that God's grace has spared King Arthur death in battle. Indeed, they have actually won the battle because three of theKing's army are all alive whereas only Mordred is alive. However, Arthur is too stubborn to listen and takes his spear and runs to kill Mordred. He wants Mordred to die so he tells Arthur to kill him.
Describe the events leading to the death of Mordred and the mortal wounding of Arthur. Be sure to include all the necessary details, especially what weapons they used during the fight.
King Arthur uses a spear, NOT his sword Excalibur, to kill Mordred. As he runs his son through the middle of the spear, Mordred Cleve's Arthur's head with his sword. Mordred died instantly, but Arthur is mortally wounded and is dragged by Sir Bedivere and Sir Lucan to a nearby chapel.
What does Sir Lucan hear when he and Sir Bedivere take King Arthur to the Chapel? What do the robbers and their actions symbolize? How have the values of Camelot changed or disappeared?
Sir Lucan hears how Camelot, Arthur's legendary kingdom, has fallen to ruin.
How does King Arthur feel towards Sir Lancelot after the battle with Mordred?
King Arthur feels remorse for his battles with Sir Lancelot.
Compare Sir Lucan the Butler and Sir Bedivere the Bold (provide THREE DIFFERENCES). Which of the two brother best exemplifies the code of
chivalry? Explain your answer with at least THREE supporting details from the text.
Sir Lucan is chivalrous and sacrifices himself for his King. Twice Sir Bedivere disobeys King Arthur's order to throw Excalibur into the lake. Sir Lucan
definitely is the chivalrous one out of the two brothers. He takes care of people, sacrifices himself for other people, and helps everybody out.
What does King Arthur order Sir Bedivere to do with Excalibur? Why must this order be carried out? What does Sir Bedivere do with Excalibur?
King Arthur asks Sir Bedivere to return Excalibur to the Lady of the lake. Arthur is dying and the sword must be returned to Avalon. This was part of the bargain King Arthur made with Merlin and the Lady of the Lake; the sword cannot be part of Arthur's lineage. On the third attempt, sir
Bedivere actually throws the sword in the lake and he sees the arm of a women grasp the sword in the scabbard, shake it twice, and submerge into
Why are Sir Bedivere's actions considered a classical allusion? Define a classical allusion.
Sir Benivere's actions are an ALLUSION to Peter's betrayal of Jesus in the New Testament because they are an important part of history. A classical
allusion is a reference to a particular event or character in classical works of literature, such as ancient Roman or Greek works.
Give TWO examples of each of the following elements of a medieval romance in the final tale of Le Morte d'Arthur: supernatural being, realistic
occurrences, chivalry, Christian influences.
What does Sir Bedivere see when he takes King Arthur's body to the shoreline? Who are the three women in the barge? What happens to King Arthur when he gets on the boat?
King Arthur is taken away by the ladies on the barge. Before he leaves, Arthur tells sir Bedivere to not placed his trust in him for he may die. The
Hermit is hurting the dead body, though he does not know who the person is. Sir Bedivere believes it is the dead body of King Arthur. The three women on the barge were Morgan Le Fey, the Queen of North Galis, and he Queen of the Waste Land. King Arthur is no where to be found when he gets on the boat.
What happens to Sir Bedivere when Arthur departs on the barge? What does he
choose to do for the rest of his life?
Sir Bedivere has written "Here lies Arthur, the once and future King."
What is the true identity of the hermit Sir Bedivere finds in the forest? What was
the hermit doing when Sir Bedivere arrives?
Bedivere decides that he will live the rest of his days with the hermit praying for Arthur's soul. He goes out into the forest and find the chapel where
a hermit who used to be the Bishop of Canterbury lives.
What does Sir Bedivere believe has happened to King Arthur? Why is this NOT a completely believable?
He states that he does not know what truly happened to King Arthur. He was the one who killed him, that's why it's NOT believable.
How does the perspective of the story change at the end of the tale?
At the end of the tale, the narrator (Sir Thomas Mallory) changes the perspective from a third-person omniscient to first-person limited.
What is written on Arthur's tombstone? What does the narrator believe happened
Sir Bedivere has written "Here lies Arthur, the once and future King." The author is unsure if Arthur's body was indeed buried in the chapel. He
states that according to Sir Bedivere, Arthur died from his wound and is buried.
Compare Sir Lucan the Butler and Sir Bedivere the Bold (provide
THREE DIFFERENCES). Which of the two brother best exemplifies the code of
chivalry? Explain your answer with at least THREE supporting details from the
What does King Arthur order Sir Bedivere to do with Excalibur? Why must this
order be carried out? What does Sir Bedivere do with Excalibur?
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