Ch 1&2 Vocab Quiz
Terms in this set (30)
A pointed tool used for engraving or incising
A circle of monoliths. Also called henge
Images, materials, or objects as found in the everyday environment that are incorporated into works of art.
In paintings and reliefs, a painted or carved baseline on which figures appear to stand.
To cut into a surface with a sharp instrument; also, a method of decoration, especially on metal and pottery.
A picture showing natural scenery, without narrative content.
A beam used to span an opening.
Greek, "great stone." A large, roughly hewn stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures. See also cromlech.
A column shaft that is all in one piece (not composed of drums); a large, single block or piece of stone used in megalithic structures.
The "new" Stone Age
The "old" Stone Age, during which humankind produced the first sculptures and paintings.
In sculpture, figures projecting from a background of which they are part. The degree of relief is designated high, low (bas), or sunken. In the last, the artist cuts the design into the surface so that the highest projecting parts of the image are no higher than the surface itself. See alsorepoussé.
A pair of monoliths topped with a lintel; found in megalithic structures.
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally; a composite view.
Creature made with assorted body parts from different animals
Show the entire thing from the side
Image indirectly made by blowing pigment around it, not pressing pigment onto it
The chamber (Greek naos) at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood.
Literally, "wedgeshaped." A system of writing used in ancient Mesopotamia, in which wedge-shaped characters were produced by pressing a stylus into a soft clay tablet, which was then baked or otherwise allowed to harden.
A cylindrical piece of stone usually about an inch or so in height, decorated with a design in intaglio (incised), so that a raised pattern was left when the seal was rolled over soft clay. In the ancient Near East documents, storage jars, and other important possessions were signed, sealed, and identified in this way. Diorite: An extremely hard stone used in Mesopotamian and Egyptian art.
Usually, the front of a building; also, the other sides when they are emphasized architecturally.
Bricks painted and then kiln fired to fuse the color with the baked clay.
A composition that is symmetrical on either side of a central figure
hierarchy of scale
An artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance.
In Assyrian art, guardians in the form of man-headed winged bulls.
One of a series of superimposed bands in a pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are placed.
A carved stone slab used to mark graves and to commemorate historical events.
A needlelike tool used in engraving and incising.
A gift of gratitude to a deity
In ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple