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37 terms

APUSH Ch35

Ch35 : Franklin D Roosevelt and the Shadow of War 1933-1941
STUDY
PLAY
London Conference
International economic conference on stabilizing currency that was sabotaged by FDR
Philippines
Nation to which the US promised independence in the Tydings-Mcduffie Act of 1934
Neutrality Acts
A series of laws enacted by Congress in the mid-1930s that attempted to prevent any American involvement in future overseas wars
Spanish Civil War
Conflict between the rebel Fascist forces of General Francisco Franco and the Loyalist government that severely tested US neutrality legislation
Quarantine Speech
Roosevelt's 1937 speech that proposed strong US measures against overseas aggressors
Munich
European diplomatic conference in 1938 where Britain and France conceded to Hitler's demands for Czechoslovakia
Committee to Defend America by Aiding Allies
Leading US group advocation American support for Britain in the fight against Hitler
America First Committee
Leading isolationist group advocating that America focus on continental defense and non-involvement with the European war
Lend-Lease Law
Controversial 1941 law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposedly temporary military material assistance to Britain
Soviet Union
Communist nation invaded by Hitler in June 1941 that was also aided by American lend-lease
Atlantic Charter
US-Britain agreement of August 1941 to promote democracy and establish a new international organization for peace
Pearl Harbor
Major American Pacific naval base devastated in a surprise attack in December 1941
Cordell Hull
FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America
Adolf Hitler
Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the US to abandon its neutrality
Benito Mussolini
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethiopia and joined the war against France and Britain
Gerald Nye
Instigator of the 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Francisco Franco
Fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Ethiopia
African nation invaded by an Italian dictator in 1935
Czechoslovakia
Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich
Poland
East European nation whose Sept 1939 invasion by Hitler set off WWII in Europe
France
Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the US closer to direct aid to Britain
Charles A Lindbergh
Leader of the "America First" organization and chief spokesman for the US isolationism
Wendell Willkie
Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Winston Churchill
Courageous prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler
Joseph Stalin
Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941
Iceland
North Atlantic nation near whose waters US destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack
Hawaii
Site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating surprise attack on the US
FDR's refusal to support international economic cooperation in the 1930s deepened...
The worldwide Depression and aided the rise of Fascist dictators
Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy brought...
New respect for the US and for democracy in Latin America
Bad memories of WWI and revelations about arms merchants promoted...
US isolationism and the passage of several Neutrality Acts in the mid-1930s
The US Neutrality Acts of the 1930s actually aided...
Fascist dictators in carrying out their aggressions in Ethiopia, Spain, and China
Japanese aggression against China in 1937 prompted FDR...
To make his "Quarantine Speech", proposing strong action against aggressors
Hitler's invasion of Poland caused...
The US to institute a "cash-and-carry" policy for providing aid to Britain
The fall of France in 1940 shocked...
The US into enact ion conscription and making the "destroyers-for-bases" deal
Willkie's support for FDR's pro-British foreign policy kept...
The 1940 presidential campaign form becoming a bitter national debate
The US embargo on oil and other supplies from Japan forced Japan...
To either accept US demands regarding China or go to war
Roosevelt's decision to convoy lend-lease shipments thrust...
The US into an undeclared naval war with Nazi German in the North Atlantic